Fasteners

Fasteners

Darshan Steel Impex continues to meet customers needs through global quality standards from original design to distribution. Darshan Steels Impex fulfills the demand of our customers with a motive of complete customer satisfactions. Darshan Steels Impex has been fulfilling various demand & needs for various companies and customers worldwide. We are the leading suppliers of Ferrous & Non Ferrous metals which we procure from our most trusted and reliable vendors that help us in accomplishing most extreme fulfillment of our customer satisfaction.

Types of Fasteners:

Fasteners Nuts

Fasteners Bolts

Fasteners Washers

Fasteners Screw

Fasteners Threaded Rods

Fasteners Rings

Specification of Fasteners:

Particulars Specification
Size  M5 to M50
Type Bolts Stud Bolts, Hex Head Bolts, Socket Hexagon Head Screw Anchor Bolts, U-Bolts, J Bolts, Mushroom Head Square Neck Bolts , T- Head Bolts , Wing Screw , Eye Bolt , Eye Bolt, Foundation Bolts, Structural Bolts.
Standard ASTM / ASME SB 163 / 167 / 517 / 704 / 705

Grades We Deal in Fasteners:

STAINLESS STEEL

Stainless Steel 304 Composition

304 Stainless Steel Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr Mo Ni N
304 min. 18.0 8.0
max. 0.08 2.0 0.75 0.045 0.030 20.0 10.5 0.10

Stainless Steel 304 Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
304 515 205 40 92 201

Stainless Steel 304 Physical Properties

Grade Density (kg/m3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (m/m/0C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat 0-1000C (J/kg.K) Electrical Resistivity (n.m)
0-1000C 0-3150C 0-5380C at 1000C at 5000C
304 8000 193 17.2 17.8 18.4 16.2 21.5 500 720

Stainless Steel 304 Equivalent

Equivalent Grades for 304 Stainless Steel

Grade UNS No Old British Euronorm Swedish SS Japanese JIS GOST
BS En No Name
SS 304 S30400 304S31 58E 1.4301 X5CrNi18-10 2332 SUS 304 08Х18Н10

Stainless Steel 304L Composition

304L Stainless Steel Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr Mo Ni N
304L min. 18.0 8.00
max. 0.030 2.0 0.75 0.045 0.030 20.0 12.00 0.10

Stainless Steel 304L Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
304L 485 170 40 92 201

Stainless Steel 304L Physical Properties

Grade Density (kg/m3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (m/m/0C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat 0-1000C (J/kg.K) Electrical Resistivity (n.m)
0-1000C 0-3150C 0-5380C at 1000C at 5000C
304L 8000 193 17.2 17.8 18.4 16.2 21.5 500 720

Stainless Steel 304L Equivalent

Equivalent Grades for 304L Stainless Steel

Grade UNS No Old British Euronorm Swedish SS Japanese JIS GOST
BS En No Name
304L S30403 304S31 58E 1.4306 / 1.4307 X5CrNi18-10 2332 SUS 304L 03Х18Н11

Stainless Steel 304H Composition

304H Stainless Steel Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr Mo Ni N
304H min. 0.04 18.0 8.0
max. 0.10 2.0 0.75 0.045 0.030 20.0 10.5

Stainless Steel 304H Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
304H 515 205 40 92 201

Stainless Steel 304H Physical Properties

Grade Density (kg/m3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (m/m/0C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat 0-1000C (J/kg.K) Electrical Resistivity (n.m)
0-1000C 0-3150C 0-5380C at 1000C at 5000C
304H 8000 193 17.2 17.8 18.4 16.2 21.5 500 720

Stainless Steel 304H Equivalent

Equivalent Grades for 304H Stainless Steel

Grade UNS No Old British Euronorm Swedish SS Japanese JIS
BS En No Name
304H S30409 304S31 58E 1.4301 X5CrNi18-10 2332 SUS 304H

Stainless Steel 310 Composition

310/310S Stainless Steel Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr Mo Ni N
310 min.    24.0 0.10  19.0
max.  0.015 2.0 0.15 0.020 0.015  26.0  21.0
310S min. 24.0 0.75 19.0
max. 0.08 2.0 1.00 0.045 0.030 26.0 22.0

Stainless Steel 310/310S Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
310 515 205 40 95 217
310S 515 205 40 95 217

Stainless Steel 310/310S Physical Properties

Grade Density (kg/m3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (m/m/0C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat 0-1000C (J/kg.K) Electrical Resistivity (n.m)
0-1000C 0-3150C 0-5380C at 1000C at 5000C
310 7750 200 15.9 16.2 17.0 14.2 18.7 500 720
310S 7750 200 15.9 16.2 17.0 14.2 18.7 500 720

Stainless Steel 310 Equivalent

Grade UNS No Old British Euronorm Swedish SS Japanese JIS GOST
BS En No Name
310 S31000 304S31 58E 1.4841 X5CrNi18-10 2332 SUS 310 20Ch25N20S2
310S S31008 304S31 58E 1.4845 X5CrNi18-10 2332 SUS 310S 20Ch23N18

Stainless Steel 310H Composition

310H Stainless Steel Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr Mo Ni N
310H min. 0.04 24.0 19.0
max. 0.10 2.0 1.0 0.045 0.030 26.0 21.0

Stainless Steel 310H Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
310H 515 205 40 95 217

Stainless Steel 310H Equivalent

Equivalent Grades for 310H Stainless Steel

Grade UNS No Old British Euronorm Swedish SS Japanese JIS
BS En No Name
310H S31009     X5CrNi18-10 2332 SUS 310H

Stainless Steel 316 Composition

316 Stainless Steel Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr Mo Ni N
316 min.    16.0 2.0-3.0  10.0
max.  0.035 2.0 0.75 0.045 0.030  18.0  14.0

Stainless Steel 316 Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
316 515 205 40 95 217

Stainless Steel 316 Physical Properties

Grade Density (kg/m3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (m/m/0C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat 0-1000C (J/kg.K) Electrical Resistivity (n.m)
0-1000C 0-3150C 0-5380C at 1000C at 5000C
316 7750 200 15.9 16.2 17.0 14.2 18.7 500 720

Stainless Steel 316 Equivalent

Equivalent Grades for 316 Stainless Steel

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
SS 316 1.4401 / 1.4436 S31600 SUS 316 316S31 / 316S33 Z7CND17‐11‐02 X5CrNiMo17-12-2 / X3CrNiMo17-13-3

Stainless Steel 316L Composition

316L Stainless Steel Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr Mo Ni N
316L min. 16.0 2.0-3.0 10.0
max. 0.035 2.0 0.75 0.045 0.030 18.0 14.0

Stainless Steel 316L Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
316L 485 170 40 95 217

Stainless Steel 316L Physical Properties

Grade Density (kg/m3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (m/m/0C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat 0-1000C (J/kg.K) Electrical Resistivity (n.m)
0-1000C 0-3150C 0-5380C at 1000C at 5000C
316L 8000 193 15.9 16.2 17.5 16.3 21.5 500 740

Stainless Steel 316LN

Mechanical Properties

Temper Annealed Cold worked
Tensile Rm 75 ksi (min) 125 ksi (min)
Tensile Rm 515 MPa (min) 860 MPa (min)
R.p. 0.2% Yield 30 ksi (min) 100 ksi (min)
R.p. 0.2% Yield 205 MPa (min) 690 MPa (min)
Elongation (2" or 4D gl) 35 % (min) 15 % (min)

Physical Properties (Room Temperature)

Specific Heat (0-100°C) 485 J.kg-1.°K-1
Thermal Conductivity 16.3 W.m -1.°K-1
Thermal Expansion 16.5 μm/μm/°C
Modulus Elasticity 200 GPa
Electrical Resistivity 7.4 μohm/cm
Density 7.99 g/cm3

Chemical Composition (% by weight)

Element Min Max
C - 0.03
Mn - 2
Ni 13 15
Cr 17 19
Mo 2 3
S - 0.1
Si - 0.75
P - 0.25

Stainless Steel 316Ti Composition

316TI Stainless Steel Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr Mo Ni N
316TI min. 16.0 2.0-3.0 10.0
max. 0.08 2.0 0.75 0.045 0.030 18.0 14.0 0.1

Stainless Steel 316TI Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
316TI 515 205 35 75 205

Stainless Steel 316TI Physical Properties

Grade Density (kg/m3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (m/m/0C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat 0-1000C (J/kg.K) Electrical Resistivity (n.m)
0-1000C 0-3150C 0-5380C at 1000C at 5000C
316TI 8000 193 15.9 16.2 17.0 14.2 18.7 500 740

Stainless Steel 316Ti Equivalent

Equivalent Grades for 316TI Stainless Steel

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
SS 316TI 1.4571 S31635 SUS 316Ti 320S31 08Ch17N13M2T Z6CNDT17‐123 X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2

Stainless Steel 317L Composition

317/L Stainless Steel Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr Mo Ni N
317 min. 18.0 3.0-4.0 11.0
max. 0.08 2.0 1.0 0.040 0.030 20.0 14.0
317L min. 18.0 3.0-4.0 11.0
max. 0.08 2.0 1.0 0.040 0.030 20.0 15.0

Stainless Steel 317/L Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
317 515 205 35 75 205
317L 515 205 35 75 205

Stainless Steel 317/L Physical Properties

Grade Density (kg/m3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (m/m/0C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat 0-1000C (J/kg.K) Electrical Resistivity (n.m)
0-1000C 0-3150C 0-5380C at 1000C at 5000C
317 8000 193 15.9 16.2 17.0 14.2 18.7 500 740
317L 8000 193 15.9 16.2 17.0 14.2 18.7 500 740

Stainless Steel 317L Equivalent

Equivalent Grades for 317/L Stainless Steel

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
SS 317 1.4449 S31700 SUS 317
SS 317L 1.4438 S31703 SUS 317L X2CrNiMo18-15-4

Stainless Steel 321

Standards

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS AFNOR BS GOST EN
SS 321 1.4541 S32100 - - - - -

Chemical Composition :

Grade   C Mn Si P S Cr N Ni TI
321 Min - - - - - 17.0 - 9.00 5(C+N) 
max 0.08 2.00 1.00 0.045 0.030 19.0 0.10 12.00 0.70 max

Mechanical properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
321 515 205 40% 95 217

Physical properties

Grade Density
(kg/m3)
Elastic Modulus
(GPa)
Mean Co-eff of Thermal Expansion (µm/m/°C) Thermal Conductivity
(W/m.K)
Specific Heat 0-100°C
(J/kg.K)
Elec Resistivity
(nΩ.m)
0-100°C 0-315°C 0-538°C At 100°C At 500°C
321 8027 193 16.6 17.2 18.6 16.1 22.2 500 720

Grade specifications

Grade UNS   No Old British Euronorm Swedish   SS Japanese   JIS
BS En No Name
321 S32100 321S31 58B,  58C 1.4541 X6CrNiTi18-10 2337 SUS 321

Stainless Steel 347 Composition

347 Stainless Steel Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr Mo Ni N
347 min. 17.0 9.0
max. 0.08 2.0 1.0 0.040 0.030 20.0 13.0

Stainless Steel 347 Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
347 515 205 40 92 201

Stainless Steel 347 Physical Properties

Grade Density (kg/m3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (m/m/0C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat 0-1000C (J/kg.K) Electrical Resistivity (n.m)
0-1000C 0-3150C 0-5380C at 1000C at 5000C
347 8000 193 15.9 16.2 17.0 14.2 18.7 500 740

Stainless Steel 347 Equivalent

Equivalent Grades for 347 Stainless Steel

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
SS 347 1.4550 S34700 SUS 347 08Ch18N12B X6CrNiNb18-10

Stainless Steel 347H Composition

347H Stainless Steel Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr N Ni Co+Ta
347H min. 0.04 17.0 9.0 8xCmin
max. 0.10 2.0 1.0 0.045 0.030 19.0 13.0 1.0 max

Stainless Steel 347H Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
347H 515 205 35 92 201

Stainless Steel 347H Physical Properties

Grade Density (kg/m3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (m/m/0C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat 0-1000C (J/kg.K) Electrical Resistivity (n.m)
0-1000C 0-3150C 0-5380C at 1000C at 5000C
347H 8000 193 15.9 16.2 17.0 14.2 18.7 500 740

Stainless Steel 347H Equivalent

Equivalent Grades for 347H Stainless Steel

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
SS 347H 1.4961 S34709 SUS 347H X6CrNiNb18-12

Stainless Steel 410 Composition

410 Stainless Steel Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr MO Ni N
410 min. 11.5
max. 0.15 1.0 1.0 0.040 0.030 13.5 0.75

Stainless Steel 410 Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
410 480 275 16 92 201

Stainless Steel 410 Physical Properties

Grade Density (kg/m3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (m/m/0C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat 0-1000C (J/kg.K) Electrical Resistivity (n.m)
0-1000C 0-3150C 0-5380C at 1000C at 5000C
410 7750 200 9.9 11.4 11.6 24.9 28.7 460 570

Stainless Steel 410 Equivalent

Equivalent Grades for 410 Stainless Steel

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
SS 410 1.4006 S41000 SUS 410

Stainless Steel 446 Composition

446 Stainless Steel Chemical Composition

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr MO Ni N
446 min. 23.0 0.10
max. 0.20 1.5 0.75 0.040 0.030 30.0 0.50 0.25

Stainless Steel 446 Mechanical Properties

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
446 485 275 20 92 201

Stainless Steel 446 Physical Properties

Grade Density (kg/m3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (m/m/0C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat 0-1000C (J/kg.K) Electrical Resistivity (n.m)
0-1000C 0-3150C 0-5380C at 1000C at 5000C
446 7500 200 9.9 11.4 11.6 24.9 28.7 460 570

Stainless Steel 446 Equivalent

Equivalent Grades for 446 Stainless Steel

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
SS 446 1.4762 S44600 SUS 446

ALLOYS STEEL

Alloy Steel Pipe Specification

Grade Temper Specification
4130 N MILT6736, AMS6360, AMS6371
4140 A, N, T AMS6381
15CDV6 T980, T1080 AIR9160C, 1.7734.5, 1.7734.6

 

Dimensions ASTM, ASME and API
Size ½” nominal through 60” OD
Wall Thickness up through 4” thick& heavier upon request
Schedules SCH 40, SCH 80, SCH 160, SCH XS, SCH XXS, All Schedules
Alloy Steel Pipes Specifications & Grades
  • ASTM A335 Pipe
  • SA335 P1
  • SA335 P5
  • SA335 P9
  • SA335 P11
  • SA335 P12
  • SA335 P17
  • SA335 P22
  • SA335 P91
  • SA335 P92
  • A519 4130
  • A519 4140
  • Rolled & Welded A691 Pipe 
Alloy Steel Tubes Specifications & Grades
  • SA213 Tubes
  • SA213 T1
  • SA213 T2<
  • SA213 T5
  • SA213 T9
  • SA213 T11
  • SA213 T12
  • SA213 T22
  • SA213 T23
  • SA213 T91
  • SA213 T92
  • ASTM A519 Tubing
Origin European, Japanese, Korean, US, Russian, Indian (Strictly No Chinese Material)
Type Seamless / ERW / Welded / Fabricated
Form Round, Hydraulic Etc
Length Min 3 Meters, Max18 Meters, or according to customer’s requirement
End Plain End, Beveled End, Treaded
Specialized in Large Diameter Alloy Steel Pipe

Alloy Steel High Pressure Pipe Supplier, Suppliers of Alloy Steel Seamless Pipes, Alloy Steel Chrome Moly Pipe material stockist, Exporter of Alloy Steel Seamless Pipes, Alloy Steel Pipe, Alloy Steel EFW Pipes wholesaler, Alloy Steel Square Pipes Manufacturer in India, Alloy Steel Chrome moly Pipes, Alloy Steel Grade Pipes

Alloy Steel Pipe Types Out diameter Wall thickness Length
NB Sizes (in stock) 1/8” ~ 8” SCH 5 / SCH 10 / SCH 40 / SCH 80 / SCH 160 Upto 6 Meters
Alloy Steel Seamless Pipe (Custom Sizes) 5.0mm ~ 203.2mm As per requirement Upto 6 Meters
Alloy Steel Welded Pipe (in Stock + Custom Sizes) 5.0mm ~ 1219.2mm 1.0 ~ 15.0 mm Upto 6 Meters

Alloy Steel Pipe Specification

Grade Temper Specification
4130 N MILT6736, AMS6360, AMS6371
4140 A, N, T AMS6381
15CDV6 T980, T1080 AIR9160C, 1.7734.5, 1.7734.6

 

Dimensions ASTM, ASME and API
Size ½” nominal through 60” OD
Wall Thickness up through 4” thick& heavier upon request
Schedules SCH 40, SCH 80, SCH 160, SCH XS, SCH XXS, All Schedules
Alloy Steel Pipes Specifications & Grades
  • ASTM A335 Pipe
  • SA335 P1
  • SA335 P5
  • SA335 P9
  • SA335 P11
  • SA335 P12
  • SA335 P17
  • SA335 P22
  • SA335 P91
  • SA335 P92
  • A519 4130<
  • A519 4140
  • Rolled & Welded A691 Pipe 
Alloy Steel Tubes Specifications & Grades
  • SA213 Tubes
  • SA213 T1
  • SA213 T2
  • SA213 T5
  • SA213 T9
  • SA213 T11
  • SA213 T12
  • SA213 T22
  • SA213 T23
  • SA213 T91
  • SA213 T92
  • ASTM A519 Tubing
Origin European, Japanese, Korean, US, Russian, Indian (Strictly No Chinese Material)
Type Seamless / ERW / Welded / Fabricated
Form Round, Hydraulic Etc
Length Min 3 Meters, Max18 Meters, or according to customer’s requirement
End Plain End, Beveled End, Treaded
Specialized in Large Diameter Alloy Steel Pipe

Alloy Steel High Pressure Pipe Supplier, Suppliers of Alloy Steel Seamless Pipes, Alloy Steel Chrome Moly Pipe material stockist, Exporter of Alloy Steel Seamless Pipes, Alloy Steel Pipe, Alloy Steel EFW Pipes wholesaler, Alloy Steel Square Pipes Manufacturer in India, Alloy Steel Chrome moly Pipes, Alloy Steel Grade Pipes

Alloy Steel Pipe Types Out diameter Wall thickness Length
NB Sizes (in stock) 1/8” ~ 8” SCH 5 / SCH 10 / SCH 40 / SCH 80 / SCH 160 Upto 6 Meters
Alloy Steel Seamless Pipe (Custom Sizes) 5.0mm ~ 203.2mm As per requirement Upto 6 Meters
Alloy Steel Welded Pipe (in Stock + Custom Sizes) 5.0mm ~ 1219.2mm 1.0 ~ 15.0 mm Upto 6 Meters

ASTM A335 Pipe Specification

ASTM A335 Pipe Standard ASTM A335, SA335 (with IBR Test Certificate)
ASTM A335 Pipe Grades
  • ASTM A335 P1 Pipe
  • ASTM A335 P5 Pipe
  • ASTM A335 P9 Pipe
  • ASTM A335 P11 Pipe
  • ASTM A335 P12 Pipe
  • ASTM A335 P17 Pipe
  • ASTM A335 P22 Pipe
  • ASTM A335 P91 Pipe
  • ASTM A335 P92 Pipe
ASTM A335 Pipe Size 1/2” NB to 36” NB
ASTM A335 Pipe Thickness 3-12mm
ASTM A335 Pipe Schedules SCH 40, SCH 80, SCH 160, SCH XS, SCH XXS, All Schedules
ASTM A335 Pipe Origin European, Japanese, Korean, US, Russian, Indian (Strictly No Chinese Material)
ASTM A335 Pipe Tolerance Cold drawn pipe: +/-0.1mm
Cold rolled pipe: +/-0.05mm
Craft Cold rolled and Cold drawn
ASTM A335 Pipe Type Seamless / ERW / Welded / Fabricated
ASTM A335 Pipe available in Form of Round, Square, Rectangular, Hydraulic Etc.
ASTM A335 Pipe Length Standard
Double &
In Cut length also.
ASTM A335 Pipe End Plain End, Beveled End, Treaded
Specialized in Large Diameter ASTM A335 Pipe
Additional Testing NACE MR 0175, NACE TM0177, NACE TM0284, HIC TEST, SSC TEST, H2 SERVICE, IBR, etc.
Application Seamless Ferritic Alloy-Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

ASTM A335 Pipe Equivalent

ASTM ASME Equivalentmaterial JIS G 3458 UNS BS DIN ISO ABS NK LRS
A335 P1 SA335 P1 T1 STPA 12 K11597   17175
15Mo3
2604 II TS26 ABS 6 KSTPA 12  
            17177
15Mo3
2604 III TW26      
A335 P2 SA335 P2 T2 STPA 20 K11547 3604 P1 660   2604 II TS32 ABS 7    
              2604 III TW32      
A335 P12 SA335 P12 T12 STPA 22 K11562 3604 P1 620-440 17175
13CrMo44
  ABS 12 KSTPA 22 Sec 2
1Cr 1/2Mo440
                    Sec 3
1Cr 1/2Mo440
A335 P11 SA335 P11 T11 STPA 23 K11597 3604 P1 621     ABS 11 KSTPA 23  
A335 P22< SA335 P22 T22 STPA 24 K21590 3604 P1 622 17175
10CrMo910
2604 II TS34 ABS 13 KSTPA 24 Sec 2
2-1/4Cr1Mo410
A335 P5/td> SA335 P5 T5 STPA 25 K41545 3604 P1 625   2604 III TS37 ABS 14    
A335 P9 SA335 P9 T9 STPA 26 S50400 3604 P1 629-470   2604 II TS38      
A335 P5b/P5c SA335 P5b/P5c T5B/ T5C   K51545/K41245 3604 P1 591 17175
14MoV63
2604 II TS33     Sec 2
2-1/2Cr1Mo490
A335 P15 SA335 P15 T15   K11578 3604 P1 629-590 17175
X20CrMoV12 1
2604 II TS39     Sec 2 
/2Cr1/2Mo1/4V460
A335 P17 SA335 P17 T17                
A335 P21 SA335 P21 T21   K31545 3604 P1 762   2604 II TS40      
A335 P23 SA335 P23 T23                
A335 P91 SA335 P91 T91   K91560            
A335 P92 SA335 P92 T92   K92460            

 

ASTM International BSi - British Standards institute Material
A335 Gr. P5 3604/625 5% Cr 1/2% Mo
A335 Gr. P9 3604/629 9% Cr 1% Mo
A335 Gr. P11 3604/621 1 1/4% Cr 1/2% Mo
A335 Gr. P12 3604/620 1% Cr 1/2% Mo
A335 Gr. P22 3604/622 2 1/4% Cr 1% No

 

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION
  ASTM ASME
CHROME- MOLY ALLOY STEEL PIPE NOMINAL WALL SEAMLESS A335 Grade P5 5% Chrome; ½% Moly SA335 Grade P5 5% Chrome; ½% Moly
CHROME- MOLY ALLOY STEEL PIPE NOMINAL WALL SEAMLESS A335 Grade P9 9% Chrome; 1% Moly SA335 Grade P9 9% Chrome; 1% Moly
CHROME- MOLY ALLOY STEEL PIPE NOMINAL WALL SEAMLESS A335 Grade P11 1-1/4% Chrome; ½% Moly SA335 Grade P11 1-1/4% Chrome; ½% Moly
CHROME- MOLY ALLOY STEEL PIPE NOMINAL WALL SEAMLESS A335 Grade P22 2-1/4% Chrome; 1% Moly SA335 Grade P22 2-1/4% Chrome; 1% Moly
CHROME- MOLY ALLOY STEEL PIPE NOMINAL WALL SEAMLESS A335 Grade P91 9% Chrome; 1% Moly + trace elements SA335 P91 A335 9% Chrome; 1% Moly + trace elements

ASTM A335 Pipe Heat Treatment Requirements

Grade Heat Treatment Type Normalizing Temperature Range F [C] Subcritical Annealing or Tempering
Temperature Range F [C]
P5 (b,c) Full or Isothermal Anneal    
  Normalize and Temper ***** 1250 [675]
  Subcritical Anneal (P5c only) ***** 1325 - 1375 [715 - 745]
P9 Full or Isothermal Anneal    
  Normalize and Temper ***** 1250 [675]
P11 Full or Isothermal Anneal    
  Normalize and Temper ***** 1200 [650]
P22 Full or Isothermal Anneal    
  Normalize and Temper ***** 1250 [675]
P91 Normalize and Temper 1900-1975 [1040 - 1080] 1350-1470 [730 - 800]
  Quench and Temper 1900-1975 [1040 - 1080] 1350-1470 [730 - 800]

SA335 Pipe Tensile Requirements

Seamless
  P-5 P-9 P-11 P-22 P-91
Tensile Strength, min., psi          
ksi 60 60 60 60 85
MPa 415 415 415 415 585
Yield Strength, min., psi          
ksi 30 30 30 30 60
MPa 205 205 205 205 415

SA335 Square Pipe Supplier, Suppliers of SA335 Seamless Pipe, A335 Alloy Steel Pipe material stockist, Exporter of ASTM A335 Alloy Steel Seamless Pipe, ASTM A335 Alloy Steel EFW Pipe, A335 Alloy Steel Seamless Pipe wholesaler, High Pressure SA335 Seamless Pipe Manufacturer in India, High Pressure SA335 Boiler Pipe

ASTM A335 Pipe Types Out diameter Wall thickness Length
ASTM A335 Seamless Pipe (Custom Sizes) 1/2" NB - 60" NB SCH 5 / SCH 10 / SCH 40 / SCH 80 / SCH 160 Custom
ASTM A335 Welded Pipe (in Stock + Custom Sizes) 1/2" NB - 24" NB As per requirement Custom
ASTM A335 ERW Pipe (Custom Sizes) 1/2" NB - 24" NB As per requirement Custom
ASTM A335 High Pressure SA335 Boiler Pipe 16" NB - 100" NB As per requirement Custom

SA213 Tube Equivalent

ASTM A213 Tube equivalent

ASTM A213/ ASME SA213 Alloy Steel Boiler and Heat Exchanger Tubes

ASTM ASME JIS G 3462 BS DIN ISO ABS NK LRS DNV
A209 T1 SA209 T1 STBA 12 3606 243 17175
15Mo3
2604 II TS26 ABS K KSTB 12   Sec
4-E-TS380
A250 T1 SA250 T1   3606 245 17177
15Mo3
2604 III TS26        
A209 T1a SA209 T1a STBA 13       ABS L      
A250 T1a SA250 T1a                
A213 T2 SA213 T2 STBA 20   17175
14MoV83
2604 II TS33       Sec
4-E-TS440
A250 T2 SA250 T2                
A213 T12 SA213 T12 STBA 22 3606 620 17175
13CrMo44
2604 II TS32 ABS O KSTB 22 Sec 6
1Cr 1/2Mo-440
Sec
4-E-TS410-3
A250 T12 SA250 T12       2604 III TS32        
A213 T11 SA199 T11 STBA 23 3606 621     ABS N KSTB 23   Sec
4-E-TS410-4
  SA213 T11                
A213 T22 SA199 T22 STBA 24 3606 622 17175
10CrMo910
2604 II TS34 ABS P KSTB 24 Sec 6
2-1/2Cr 1Mo-410
Sec
4-E-TS450-2
  SA213 T22                
A213 T5 SA199 T5 STBA 25 3606 625   2604 II S37       Sec
4-E-TS430
  SA213 T5                
A213 T9 SA199 T9 STBA 26 3059-P2 622-490   2604 II S38       Sec
4-E-TS500
  SA213 T9                
A209 T1b SA209 T1b   3059-P2 243 17175
17Mn4
2604 II S39 ABS M   Sec 6
2-1/2Cr 1Mo-490
Sec
4-E-TS450-1
      3059-P2 620-460     (=A209-
T1b)
     
A250 T1b SA250 T1b   3059-P2 629-470 17175
14MoV63
2604 II S40       Sec
4-E-TS460-2
A250 T11 SA250 T11   3059-P2 629-590 17175 
X20CrMoV12 1
        Sec
4-E-TS590
A250 T22 SA250 T22   3059-P2 762           Sec
4-E-TS610
A213 T5b SA213 T5b   3059-P2 304S51           Sec
4-E-TS690
A213 T5c SA213 T5c   3059-P2 306S51            
A213 T17 SA213 T17   3059-P2 316S52            
A213 T21 SA213 T21   3059-P2 316S51            
A213 T23 SA213 T23   3059-P2 321S51            
A213 T91 SA213 T91   3059-P2 347S51            
A213 T92 SA213 T92   3059-P2 215S15            

 

Trade Name 

Grade

UNS #

Heater Tubes

1 1/4 Chrome 

T11

K11597 

A213 / SA213

2 1/4 Chrome 

T22

K21590 

A213 / SA213

5 Chrome 

T5

K41545 

A213 / SA213

9 Chrome 

T9

K90941

A213 / SA213

T91

T91

K90901

A213 / SA213

T92

T92

K92460

A213 / SA213

 

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION
  ASTM ASME
CHROME- MOLY ALLOY STEEL TUBE SEAMLESS ASTM A213 T5 5% Chrome; ½% Moly SA213 T5 5% Chrome; ½% Moly
CHROME- MOLY ALLOY STEEL TUBE SEAMLESS ASTM A213 T9 9% Chrome; 1% Moly SA213 T9 9% Chrome; 1% Moly
CHROME- MOLY ALLOY STEEL TUBE SEAMLESS ASTM A213 T11 1-1/4% Chrome; ½% Moly SA213 T11 1-1/4% Chrome; ½% Moly
CHROME- MOLY ALLOY STEEL TUBE SEAMLESS ASTM A213 T22 2-1/4% Chrome; 1% Moly SA213 T22 2-1/4% Chrome; 1% Moly
CHROME- MOLY ALLOY STEEL TUBE SEAMLESS ASTM A213 T91 9% Chrome; 1% Moly + trace elements SA213 T91 9% Chrome; 1% Moly + trace elements

ASTM A213/ ASME SA213 Alloy Steel Tube Wall thickness & Tolerance

Hot rolled ASTM A213/ ASME SA213 Alloy Steel Tube
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outside Diameter, mm
Tolerance, %

OD≤101.6, WT≤2.4

+40/-0
OD≤101.6, 2.4<WT≤3.8
+35/-0
OD≤101.6, 3.8<WT≤4.6
+33/-0
OD≤101.6, WT>4.6
+28/-0
OD>101.6, 2.4<WT≤3.8
+35/-0
OD>101.6, 3.8<WT≤4.6
+33/-0
OD>101.6, WT>4.6
+28/-0
Cold Drawn ASTM A213/ ASME SA213 Alloy Steel Tube
 
 
Outside Diameter, mm
Tolerance, %
OD≤38.1
+20/-0
OD>38.1
+22/-0

Length: 5800mm; 6000mm; 6096mm; 11800mm; 12000mm; and so on. 
Max length: 16000mm

SA213 Tubing Supplier, Suppliers of SA213 Seamless Tube, ASME SA213 Tube material stockist, Exporter of SA213 Steel Tubes, SA213 Alloy Steel Seamless Tubing, AS SA213 Tubes wholesaler, High Pressure SA213 Seamless Tube Manufacturer in India, ASTM A213 Alloy Steel Seamless Tube

ASTM A213 Tube Types Out diameter Wall thickness Length
SA213 Seamless Tube (Custom Sizes) 1/2" NB - 60" NB As per requirement Custom
ASTM A213 Welded Tube (in Stock + Custom Sizes) 1/2" NB - 24" NB As per requirement Custom
ASME SA213 Tubing (Custom Sizes) 1/2" NB - 24" NB As per requirement Custom
ASTM A213 High Pressure SA213 Boiler Tube 16" NB - 100" NB As per requirement Custom

Types of SA213 Tube

SA213 Alloy Steel Tubes ASTM A213 Alloy Steel A335 Tube
ASTM A213 Tubes ASTM A213 Alloy Steel Seamless Tube
High Pressure SA213 Boiler Tube ASME SA213 Alloy Steel Rectangular Tube
SA213 Alloy Steel Seamless Tubes Alloy Steel Gr SA213 Heater Tube
ASME SA213 Alloy Steel Seamless Tube IBR SA213 Alloy Steel Tubes
SA213 Alloy Steel Custom Tubes ASME SA / ASTM A213 Tubes
Alloy Steel Grade SA213 Round Tube SA213 Tubes Dealer
Alloy A213 Seamless Square Tube ASME SA213 Alloy Steel Seamless Tube
AISI SA213 ERW Tube ASTM A213 Tubes

CARBON STEEL

Carbon Steel Pipe Specification

Dimensions ASTM, ASME and API
Size 1/2” NB to 36” NB
Thickness 3-12mm
Schedules SCH 40, SCH 80, SCH 160, SCH XS, SCH XXS, All Schedules
Origin European, Japanese, Korean, US, Russian, Indian (Strictly No Chinese Material)
Type Seamless / ERW / Welded / Fabricated
Form Round, Hydraulic Etc
Length Min 3 Meters, Max18 Meters, or according to customer’s requirement
End Plain End, Beveled End, Treaded
Specialized in Large Diameter Carbon Steel Pipe

SEAMLESS PIPE IS ALSO CALLED CDS PIPES (COLD DRAWN SEAMLESS PIPES). IT IS USED WIDELY IN MACHINING PARTS, SHAFTS, BEARINGS, CYLINDERS HAVING STRENGTH OF 75000 PSI TENSILE. IT IS A SOLID CARBON STEEL ROD WHICH IS PUSHED ON TO THE MADREL TO FORM THE SHAPE OF TUBE. IT IS AVAILABLE IN DIFFERENT SIZES.

Carbon Steel Pipe Types Out diameter Wall thickness Length
NB Sizes (in stock) 1/8” ~ 8” SCH 5 / SCH 10 / SCH 40 / SCH 80 / SCH 160 Upto 6 Meters
Carbon Steel Seamless Pipe (Custom Sizes) 5.0mm ~ 203.2mm As per requirement Upto 6 Meters
Carbon Steel Welded Pipe (in Stock + Custom Sizes) 5.0mm ~ 1219.2mm 1.0 ~ 15.0 mm Upto 6 Meters

ASTM A53 Grade B Pipe Chemical Properties %

 

  Type S (seamless) Type E (electric-resistance welded) Type F (furnace- welded pipe)
  Grade A Grade B Grade A Grade B Grade A
Carbon max. % 0.25 0.30 0.25 0.30 0.3
Manganese % 0.95 1.2 0.95 1.2 1.2
Phosphorous, max. % 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Sulfur, max. % 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045
Copper, max.% 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.4
Nickel, max. % 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.4
Chromium, max. % 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.4
Molybdenum, max. % 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15
Vanadium, max. % 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08

Permissible Variations in Wall Thickness

The minimum wall thickness at any point shall not be more than 12.5% under the nominal wall thickness specified.

Permissible Variations in 
Weights per Foot

Plus or minus 10%

Permissible Variations in 
Outside Diameter

Outside Diameter at any point shall not vary from standard specified more than:

For NPS 1 1/2 and Smaller Sizes For NPS 2 and Larger Sizes
1/64" 1/32" under 1% over 1%under

Number of Tests Required

Seamless and Electric-Resistance-Welded — Bending, flattening, tensile on one length of pipe from each lot of 500 lengths or less of a size.
Continuous-Weld – Bending, flattening, tensile

NPS 1 1/2 & smaller NPS 2 & larger
one / 25 tons one / 50 tons

ASTM A53 Grade B Carbon Steel Seamless Pipe Yield and Tensile Strength

Tensile Requirements

  Seamless and Electric-resistance-welded   Continuous-Welded
  Grade A Grade B    
Tensile Strength, min., psi 48,000 60,000   45,000
Yield Strength, min., psi 30,000 35,000   25,000

ASTM A53/ ASME SA53 Seamless Pipes Lengths

Standard Weight
  Single Random — 16′ – 22′. 5% may be jointers. If Plain Ends — 5% may be 12′ – 16′.
  Double Random — Shortest Length 22′, minimum average for order 35′.
Extra Strong and Double Extra Strong
  Single Random — 12′ -22′. 5% may be 6′ – 12′.
  Double Random (XS and lighter) — Shortest Length 22′, minimum average for order 35′.
  Lengths longer than single random with wall thicknesses heavier than XS subject to negotiation.

ASTM A53/ ASME SA53 Seamless Pipes General Information

Couplings — Applied handling tight. Couplings, 2′ and smaller straight tapped, other sizes taper tapped.
Thread Protection — Applied to pipe 4′ and larger.
End Finish (unless otherwise specified) —
  STD or XS, or wall thicknesses less than 0.500 in. (excluding XXS): Plain and beveled
  All XXS and wall thicknesses over 0.500 in.: Plain end square cut.

ASTM A53 Grade B Pipe Mechanical Properties

Spec Mechanical Properties
  Grade A Grade B Grade C
ASTM A53 Tenside strength, min, psi (MPa) 48000(330) 60000(415)  
Yield strength, min, psi (MPa) 30000(205) 35000(240)

A106 Pipe Chemical Composition

ASTM A106 Grade B Chemical Properties

Grade A Grade B Grade C
Carbon max. % 0.25 0.30 0.35
Manganese % 0.27 to 0.93 0.29 to 1.06 0.29 to 1.06
Phosporous, max. % 0.025 0.025 0.025
Sulfur, max. % 0.025 0.025 0.025
Silicon, min. % 0.10 0.10 0.10

ASTM A106 Seamless Pressure Pipe Mechanical Properties

ASTM A106 grade b yield strength

  ASTM A106 Grade A ASTM A106 Grade B ASTM A106 Grade C
ASTM A106 Tenside strength, min, psi (MPa) 48000(330) 60000(415) 70000(485)
Yield strength, min, psi (MPa) 30000(205) 35000(240) 40000(275)

ASTM A106 Grade B Pipe Yield and Tensile Strength

Seamless Grade A Grade B Grade C
Tensile Strength, min., psi 48,000 60,000 70,000
Yield Strength, min., psi 30,000 35,000 40,000

ASTM A333 Grade 6 Carbon Steel Seamless Pipe Chemical Composition

Grade and Chemical Composition (%)
        Composition %    
  C(max) Mn P(max) S(max) Si Ni
Grade 1 0.03 0.40 – 1.06 0.025 0.025    
Grade 3 0.19 0.31 – 0.64 0.025 0.025 0.18 – 0.37 3.18 – 3.82
Grade 6 0.3 0.29 – 1.06 0.025 0.025 0.10 (min)  

For each reduction of 0.01% carbon below 0.30%, an increase of 0.05% manganese above 1.06% would be permitted to a maximum of 1.35% manganese. When Grade 6 is ordered under this specification, supplying an alloy grade that specifically requires the addition of any element other than those listed for the ordered grade is not permitted. However, the addition of elements required for the deoxidation of the steel is permitted.

ASTM A333 Grade 6 Carbon Steel Seamless Pipe Yield and Tensile Strength

ASTM A333 Grade 6 Carbon Steel Pipe Mechanical Properities:

ASTM A333 Grade 1  
Minimum Yield 30,000 PSI
Minimum Tensile 55,000 PSI
ASTM A333 Grade 3  
Minimum Yield 35,000 PSI
Minimum Tensile 65,000 PSI
ASTM A333 Grade 6  
Minimum Yield 35,000 PSI
Minimum Tensile 60,000 PSI

ASTM A333 Grade 6 Carbon Steel Seamless Pipe Wall Thickness & Tolerance

Outside Diameter, inch
Tolerance, %
1/8≤OD≤2-1/2
+20.0/-12.5
3≤OD≤18, WT/OD≤5%
+22.5/-12.5
3≤OD≤18, WT/OD>5%
+15.0/-12.5
OD≥20, WT/OD≤5%
+22.5/-12.5
OD≥20, WT/OD>5%
+15.0/-12.5

Length: 5800mm; 6000mm; 6096mm; 7315mm; 11800mm; and so on. 
Max length: 18000mm

ASTM A333 Grade 6 Strike Temperature Condition

Crade The lowest temperature for strike test
Grade 1 -50 -45
Grade 3 -150 -100
Grade 4 -150 -100
Grade 6 -50 -45
Grade 7 -100 -75
Grade 8 -320 -195
Grade 9 -100 -75
Grade 10 -75 -60

ASTM A333 Grade 6 Carbon Steel Seamless Pipe Heat Treatment Requirements:

All seamless and welded pipe shall be treated to control their microstructure by the following methods: Normalizing per A 333/A 333M-05 section 4.2.1.1; section 4.2.1.2 or section 4.2.1.3 Quenched and Tempered per A 333/A 333M – 05 section 4.2.2.1 Double Normalized and Tempered per A 333/A 333M – 05 section 4.2.2.2

ASTM A671 Pipe Types Out diameter Wall thickness Length
ASTM A671 Seamless Pipe (Custom Sizes) 1/2" NB - 60" NB SCH 5 / SCH 10 / SCH 40 / SCH 80 / SCH 160 Custom
ASTM A671 Welded Pipe (in Stock + Custom Sizes) 1/2" NB - 24" NB As per requirement Custom
ASTM A671 ERW Pipe (Custom Sizes) 1/2" NB - 24" NB As per requirement Custom
ASTM A671 SAW Pipe 16" NB - 100" NB As per requirement Custom
Pipe Grade Type of Steel ASTM Specification
No. Grade / Class / Type
plain carbon
A285/A285M
Gr C
plain carbon, killed
A515/A515M
Gr 60
plain carbon, killed
A515/A515M
Gr 65
plain carbon, killed
A515/A515M
Gr 70
plain carbon, killed, fine grain
A516/A516M
Gr 60
plain carbon, killed, fine grain
A516/A516M
Gr 65
plain carbon, killed, fine grain
A516/A516M
Gr 70
manganese-silicon, normalized
A537/A537M
Cl 1
ASTM A672 Grade CD 80
manganese-silicon, quenched and tempered
A537/A537M
Cl 2
nickel steel
A203/A203M
Gr A
ASTM A672 Grade CF 70
nickel steel
A203/A203M
Gr B
nickel steel
A203/A203M
Gr D
nickel steel
A203/A203M
Gr E
CG 100
9 % nickel
A353/A353M
 
CH 115
9 % nickel
A553/A553M
Type 1
CJA 115
alloy steel, quenched and tempered
A517/A517M
Gr A
CJB 115
alloy steel, quenched and tempered
A517/A517M
Gr B
CJE 115
alloy steel, quenched and tempered
A517/A517M
Gr E
CJF 115
alloy steel, quenched and tempered
A517/A517M
Gr F
CJH 115
alloy steel, quenched and tempered
A517/A517M
Gr H
CJP 115
alloy steel, quenched and tempered
A517/A517M
Gr P
CK 75
carbon-manganese-silicon
A299/A299M
Gr A
CP85
alloy steel, age hardening, quenched and precipitation heat treated
A736/A736M
Gr A, Class 3

ASTM A672 Pipe Chemical Composition

Specification Steel grade Chemical composition Remarks
C Si Mn P S Ti
Pipes for pressure service 
ASTM A672
-/A45 -/0.17 - 0.98 0.035 0.035 - A672/
A672
-/A50 -/0.22 -
CA55/A55 0.28 -
B55 -/0.20 0.13
~0.45
CB60/B60 0.24
CB65/B65 0.28
CB70/C70 0.31 1.30
C55 -/0.18 0.55
~0.98
CC60/C60 0.21
CC65/C65 0.24 0.79
~1.30
CC70/C70 0.27

ASTM A672 Pipe Mechanical Properties, Check below ASTM A672 Pipe Properties

ASTM A672 Steel Pipe Properties Steel Grade BASE METAL MECHANICAL COMPOSITION Welding point tensile strength (N/mm2) Remarks
Yield point (N/mm2) Tensile Stregth (N/mm2) Test Pieces Elongation (%)
Pipes for pressure service ASTM A672 -/A45 -/165 -/310~450 - -/30 -/310~450 A672/ A672
-/A50 -/185 -/345~485 -/28 -/345~485
CA55/A55 205 380~515 27 380~515
B55 -/205 -/380~515 -/27 -/380~515
CB60/B60 220 415~550 25 415~550
CB65/B65 240 450~585 23 450~585
CB70/C70 260 485~620 21 485~620
C55 -/205 -/380~515 -/27 -/380~515
CC60/C60 220 415~550 25 415~550
CC65/C65 240 450~585 23 450~585
CC70/C70 260 485~620 21 485~620

ASTM A672 Pipe Class

Class Heat treatment on ASTM A672 Pipe RT Pressure test
ASTM A672 Class 11
none
?
?
?
ASTM A672 Class 12
none
?
?
?
ASTM A672 Class 13
none
?
?
?
ASTM A672 Class 20
stress relieved
PHWT
?
?
ASTM A672 Class 21
stress relieved
PHWT
?
?
ASTM A672 Class 22
stress relieved
PHWT
?
?
ASTM A672 Class 23
stress relieved
PHWT
?
?
ASTM A672 Class 30
normalized
 
?
?
ASTM A672 Class 31
normalized
 
?
?
ASTM A672 Class 32
normalized
 
?
?
ASTM A672 Class 33
normalized
 
?
?
Class
Heat Treatment on Pipe
Radiography
Pressure Test
ASTM A672 Class 10
none
none
none
ASTM A672 Class 11
none
9
none
ASTM A672 Class 12
none
9
8.3
ASTM A672 Class 13
none
none
8.3
ASTM A672 Class 21
stress relieved, see 6.3.1
none
none
ASTM A672 Class 21
stress relieved, see 6.3.1
9
none
ASTM A672 Class 22
stress relieved, see 6.3.1
9
8.3
ASTM A672 Class 23
stress relieved, see 6.3.1
none
8.3
ASTM A672 Class 31
normalized, see 6.3.2
none
none
ASTM A672 Class 31
normalized, see 6.3.2
9
none
ASTM A672 Class 32
normalized, see 6.3.2
9
8.3
ASTM A672 Class 33
normalized, see 6.3.2
none
8.3
ASTM A672 Class 40
normalized and tempered, see 6.3.3
none
none
ASTM A672 Class 43
normalized and tempered, see 6.3.3
9
none
ASTM A672 Class 43
normalized and tempered, see 6.3.3
9
8.3
ASTM A672 Class 43
normalized and tempered, see 6.3.3
none
8.3
ASTM A672 Class 50
quenched and tempered, see 6.3.4
none
none
ASTM A672 Class 51
quenched and tempered, see 6.3.4
9
none
ASTM A672 Class 52
quenched and tempered, see 6.3.4
9
8.3
ASTM A672 Class 53
quenched and tempered, see 6.3.4
none
8.3
ASTM A672 Class 60
normalized and precipitation heat none none treated
none
none
ASTM A672 Class 61
normalized and precipitation heat none none treated
9
none
ASTM A672 Class 62
normalized and precipitation heat none none treated
9
8.3
ASTM A672 Class 63
normalized and precipitation heat none none treated
none
8.3
ASTM A672 Class 70
normalized and precipitation heat none none treated
none
none
ASTM A672 Class 71
normalized and precipitation heat none none treated
9
none
ASTM A672 Class 72
normalized and precipitation heat none none treated
9
8.3
ASTM A672 Class 73
normalized and precipitation heat none none treated
none
8.3

Mechanichal Properties

  The final delivery condition Cold drawn(Mandatory)
BK1)
Cold drawn(Soft)
BKW1)
Cold Drawn and Stress Release
(BKS)
Anneal
(GBK)1)
Normalizing
(NBK)1)
Kinds of Steel   Tensile Elongation Tensile Elongation Tensile Yield point Elongation Tensile Elongation Tensile Yield point Elongation
Steel grade Material number   No less than
Rm A5 Rm A5 Rm ReH A5 Rm A5 Rm ReH2) A5
      N/mm2 % N/mm2 % N/mm2 N/mm2 % N/mm2 % N/mm2 N/mm2 %
St35 1.0308   -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 340~470 235 25
St37.4 1.0255   480 6 420 10 420 315 14 315 25 350~480 235 25
St45 1.0408   580 5 520 8 520 375 12 390 21 440~570 255 21
St52 1.0580   640 4 580 7 580 420 10 490 22 490~630 355 22
St52.4 1.0581   -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 500~650 355 21

Chemical Composition

Standard Grade C Si Mn P max S max
DIN2391 St52 ≤0.22 ≤0.55 ≤1.6 0.025 0.025

Carbon Steel SAE 1018

Chemical Composition

The chemical composition of AISI 1018 carbon steel is outlined in the following table.

Element Content (%)
Manganese, Mn 0.60-0.90
Carbon, C 0.15-0.20
Sulfur, S 0.05 (max)
Phosphorous, P 0.04 (max)
Iron, Fe Balance

Physical Properties

The physical properties of AISI 1018 carbon steel are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 7.87 g/cm3 0.284 lb/in3

Mechanical Properties

The following table shows mechanical properties of cold drawn AISI 1018 carbon steel.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength 440 MPa 63800 psi
Yield strength 370 MPa 53700 psi
Modulus of elasticity 205 GPa 29700 ksi
Shear modulus (typical for steel) 80 GPa 11600 ksi
Poisson’s ratio 0.29 0.29
Elongation at break (in 50 mm) 15% 15%
Hardness, Brinell 126 126
Hardness, Knoop (converted from Brinell hardness) 145 145
Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Brinell hardness) 71 71
Hardness, Vickers (converted from Brinell hardness) 131 131
Machinability (based on AISI 1212 steel. as 100 machinability) 70 70

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of AISI 1018 carbon steel are given in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Thermal conductivity 51.9 W/mK 360 BTU in/hr.ft2.°F

API 5l Properties

API 5L Grade

Yield Strength
min.
(ksi)

Tensile Strength
min.
(ksi)

Yield to Tensile Ratio
(max.)

Elongation
min.
%
1

A 30

48

0.93

28

B 35

60

0.93

23

X42 42

60

0.93

23

X46 46

63

0.93

22

X52 52

66

0.93

21

X56 56

71

0.93

19

X60 60

75

0.93

19

X65 65

77

0.93

18

X70 70

82

0.93

17

X80 80

90

0.93

16



Carbon Steel A105

CHEMICAL REQUIREMENTS ASTM A105

Element Composition, %
Carbon 0.35 max
Manganese 0.60-1.05
Phosphorus 0.035 max
Sulfur 0.040 max
Silicon 0.10-0.35
Copper 0.40 max (1)
Nickel 0.40 max (1)
Chromium 0.30 max (1-2)
Molybdenum 0.12 max (1-2)
Vanadium 0.08 max
(1) The sum of copper, nickel, chromium, molybdenum and vanadium shall not exceed 1.00%.
(2) The sum of chromium and molybdenum shall not exceed 0.32%.
Note:
For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified carbon maximum (0.35%), an increase of 0.06% manganese above the specified maximum (1.05%) will be permitted up to a maximum of 1.35%.

Carbon Steel A694

ASTM A694 Chemical Composition Requirements

Chemical Composition of ASTM A694, Heat Analysis, %
Carbon [C] ≤0.30
Manganese [Mn] ≤1.60
Phosphorus [P] ≤0.025
Sulfur [S] ≤0.025
Silicon [Si] 0.15-0.35

*1. Alloying elements including Cu, Ni, Cr, Mo, V, Nb and B shall be reported if any.
*2. No limits apply to above-mentioned elements of A694 forgings furnished in carbon or low alloy steel.
*3. ASTM A694 forgings furnished in alloy steel should be in conformance to ASTM A707 Grade L5.
*4. When required, the carbon equivalent CE shall be calculated as per C+Mn/6+(Cr+Mo+V)/5+(Cu+Ni)/15.

 

ASTM A694 Mechanical Properties

ASTM A694 Grade Yield Strength min. Tensile Strength min. Elongation min.
MPa ksi MPa ksi %
F42 290 42 415 65 20
F46 315 46 415 60 20
F48 330 48 425 62 20
F50 345 50 440 64 20
F52 360 52 455 66 20
F56 385 56 470 68 20
F60 415 60 515 75 20
F65 450 65 530 77 20
F70 485 70 565 82 18

Carbon Steel A36

Chemical Composition

Element Content
Carbon, C 0.25 - 0.290 %
Copper, Cu 0.20 %
Iron, Fe 98.0 %
Manganese, Mn 1.03 %
Phosphorous, P  0.040 %
Silicon, Si 0.280 %
Sulfur, S  0.050 %

Physical Properties

Physical Properties Metric Imperial
Density 7.85 g/cm3 0.284 lb/in3

Mechanical Properties

Mechanical Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile Strength, Ultimate 400 - 550 MPa 58000 - 79800 psi
Tensile Strength, Yield 250 MPa 36300 psi
Elongation at Break (in 200 mm) 20.0 % 20.0 %
Elongation at Break (in 50 mm) 23.0 % 23.0 %
Modulus of Elasticity 200 GPa 29000 ksi
Bulk Modulus (typical for steel) 140 GPa 20300 ksi
Poissons Ratio 0.260 0.260
Shear Modulus 79.3 GPa 11500 ksi

Carbon Steel A516 Gr. 60

ASTM A516 Grade 60/ASME SA516 Grade 60 - Specifications and Standards

Standard

Description

ASTM/ASME

A/SA516 - Grade 60

DIN Standard

DIN 17155 HII

British Standard

BS1501-161-430A

European Norm

EN10028 P265GH

ASTM A516 Grade 60/ASME SA516 Grade 60 - Chemical Composition

The chemical composition of ASTM A516 Grade 60 and ASME SA516 Grade 60 carbon steel plate is listed in table 2.

Composition

Percentage %

Composition

Percentage %

C

0.18

Cu

0.3

Si

0.4

Ni

0.3

Mn

0.95/1.50

Mo

0.08

P

0.015

Nb

0.01

S

0.008

Ti

0.03

Al

0.02 (Min)

V

0.02

Cr

0.3

-

-

ASTM A516 Grade 60/ASME SA516 Grade 60 - Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of ASTM A516 Grade 60 and ASME SA516 Grade 60 carbon steel plate are outlined in table 3.

Properties

Value

Tensile strength (N/mm2)

415/580

Yield stress/ min (N/mm2)

265

Carbon Steel A516 Gr. 70

ASTM A516 Grade 70 / ASME SA516 Grade 70 - Chemical Composition

The chemical composition of ASTM A516 Grade 70 and ASME SA516 Grade 70 carbon steel plate are listed in table 2.

Composition

Percentage %

Composition

Percentage %

C

0.10/ 0.22

Cu

0.3

Si

0.6

Ni

0.3

Mn

1/ 1.7

Mo

0.08

P

0.03

Nb

0.01

S

0.03

Ti

0.03

Al

0.02

V

0.02

Cr

0.3

   

ASTM A516 Grade 70 / ASME SA516 Grade 70 - Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of ASTM A516 Grade 70 and ASME SA516 Grade 70 carbon steel plate are outlined in table 3.

Properties

Value

Tensile Strength (N/mm2)

510/ 650

Yield stress/ min (N/mm2)

335

Carbon Steel A234

Chemical composition of ASTM A234 Carbon and Alloy Steel Fittings
Grade C Mn P max S max Si Cr Mo Ni Cu Others
WPB
(1,2,3,4,5)
0.30
max
0.29-1.06 0.050 0.058 0.10
min
0.40
max
0.15
max
0.40
max
0.40
max
V 0.08
max
WPC
(2,3,4,5)
0.35
max
0.29-1.06 0.050 0.058 0.10
min
0.40
max
0.15
max
0.40
max
0.40
max
V 0.08
max
WP1 0.28
max
0.30-0.90 0.045 0.045 0.10-0.50   0.44-0.65      
WP12 CL1 0.05-
0.20
0.30-0.80 0.045 0.045 0.60
max
0.80-1.25 0.44-0.65      
WP12 CL2 0.05-
0.20
0.30-0.80 0.045 0.045 0.60
max
0.80-1.25 0.44-0.65      
WP11 CL1 0.05-
0.15
0.30-0.60 0.030 0.030 0.50-1.00 1.00-1.50 0.44-0.65      
WP11 CL2 0.05-
0.20
0.30-0.80 0.040 0.040 0.50-1.00 1.00-1.50 0.44-0.65      
WP11 CL3 0.05-
0.20
0.30-0.80 0.040 0.040 0.50-1.00 1.00-1.50 0.44-0.65      
WP22 CL1 0.05-
0.15
0.30-0.60 0.040 0.040 0.50
max
1.90-2.60 0.87-1.13      
WP22 CL3 0.05-
0.15
0.30-0.60 0.040 0.040 0.50
max
1.90-2.60 0.87-1.13      
WP5 CL1 0.15
max
0.30-0.60 0.040 0.030 0.50
max
4.0-6.0 0.44-0.65      
WP5 CL3 0.15
max
0.30-0.60 0.040 0.030 0.50
max
4.0-6.0 0.44-0.65      
WP9 CL1 0.15
max
0.30-0.60 0.030 0.030 1.00
max
8.0-10.0 0.90-1.10      
WP9 CL3 0.15
max
0.30-0.60 0.030 0.030 1.00
max
8.0-10.0 0.90-1.10      
WPR 0.20
max
0.40-1.06 0.045 0.050       1.60-
2.24
0.75-1.25  
WP91 0.08-
0.12
0.30-0.60 0.020 0.010 0.20-0.50 8.0-9.5 0.85-1.05 0.40
max
  V 0.18- 0.25
Nb 0.06-0.10
N 0.03-0.07
Al 0.02 max(6)
Ti 0.01 max(6)
Zr 0.01 max(6)
WP911 0.09-
0.13
0.30-0.60 0.020 0.010 0.10-0.50 8.0-9.5 0.90-1.10 0.40
max
  V 0.18-0.25
Nb 0.060-0.10
N 0.04-0.09
Al 0.02 max(6)
B 0.0003-0.006
W 0.90-1.10
Ti 0.01 max(6)
Zr 0.01 max(6)

ASTM A234 Mechanical Properties

Tensile and Yield Strength ASTM A234 for Carbon and Alloy Steel Fittings WPB WPC,
WP11-CL2
WP11-CL1,
WP22-CL1
WP5-CL1
WP9-CL1
WP11-CL3,
WP22-CL3
WP5-CL3
WP9-CL3
WP91
Tensile strength, minimum unless a range is given ksi (MPa) 60 (415) 70 (485) 60 (415) 75 (520) 90 (620)
Yield strength, min ksi (MPa) (0.2% offset or 0.5% extension under-load) 35 (240) 40 (275) 30 (205) 45 (310) 60 (415)

 

Elongation ASTM A234 for Carbon and Alloy Steel Fittings WPB,
WPC, WP11, WP22
WP91
  Longitud. Transverse Longitud. Transverse
Standard
round specimen, or small proportional specimen, min % in 4 D
22 14 20 13
Rectangular specimen for wall thickness 5/16″ and over, and
for all small sizes tested in full section; min % in 2 in.
30 20
Rectangular specimen for wall thickness less than 5/16″;
min % in 2 in (1/2″ wide specimen)
see note

ASTM A403 Chemical Composition

Chemical Composition of ASTM A403 Stainless Steel
Grade UNS
nbsp;
C
strong>(1)
Mn
strong>(1)
P
strong>(1)
S
strong>(1)
Si
strong>(1)
Ni Cr Mo Ti N
strong>(2)
Others
WPXM-19 S20910 0.06 4.0-6.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 11.5-13.5 20.5-23.5 1.50-3.0   0.20-0.40 (3)
WP304 S3040 0.08 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 8.0-11.0 18.0-20.0        
WP304L S30403 0.030
(4)
2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 8.0-12.0 18.0-20.0        
WP304H S30409 0.04-0.10 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 8.0-11.0 18.0-20.0        
WP304N S30451 0.08 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 8.0-11.0 18.0-20.0     0.10-0.16  
WP304LN S30453 0.030 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 8.0-11.0 18.0-20.0     0.10-0.16  
WP309 S3090 0.20 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 12.0-15.0 22.0-24.0        
WP310S S3108 0.08 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 19.0-22.0 24.0-26.0        
WPS31254 S31254 0.020 1.0 0.030 0.010 0.80 17.5-18.5 19.5-20.5 6.0-6.5   0.18-0.22 Cu0.50-1.0
WP316 S3160 0.08 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 10.0-14.0 16.0-18.0 2.0-3.0      
WP316L S31603 0.030 align=”center”(4) 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 10.0-14.0
(5)
16.0-18.0 2.0-3.0      
WP316H S31609 0.04-0.10 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 10.0-14.0 16.0-18.0 2.0-3.0   0.10-0.16  
WP316N S31651 0.08 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 10.0-13.0 16.0-18.0 2.0-3.0   0.10-0.16  
WP316LN S31653 0.030 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 10.0-13.0 16.0-18.0 2.0-3.0   0.10-0.16  
WP317 S3170 0.08 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 11.0-15.0 18.0-20.0 3.0-4.0      
WP317L S31703 0.030 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 11.0-15.0 18.0-20.0 3.0-4.0      
WPS31725 S31725 0.030 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 13.5-17.5 18.0-20.0 4.0-5.0   0.20  
WPS31726 S31726 0.030 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 13.5-17.5 17.0-20.0 4.0-5.0   0.10-0.20  
WPS31727 S31727 0.030 1.0 0.030 0.030 1.0 14.5-16.5 17.5-19.0 3.8-4.5   0.15-0.21 Cu2.8-4.0
WPS32053 S32053 0.030 1.0 0.030 0.010 1.0 24.0-26.0 22.0-24.0 5.0-6.0   0.17-0.22  
WP321 S3210 0.08 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 9.0-12.0 17.0-19.0   (6)    
WP321H S32109 0.04-0.10 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 9.0-12.0 17.0-19.0   (7)    
WPS33228 S33228 0.04-0.08 1.0 0.020 0.015 0.30 31.0-33.0 26.0-28.0       Ce 0.05-0.10 Al 0.025Nb 0.6-0.10
WPS34565 S34565 0.030 5.0-
7.0
0.030 0.010 1.0 16.0-18.0 23.0-25.0 4.0-5.0   0.40-0.60 Nb 0.10
WP347 S3470 0.08 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 9.0-12.0 17.0-19.0       (8)
WP347H S34709 0.04-0.10 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 9.0-12.0 17.0-19.0       (9)
WP348 S3480 0.08 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 9.0-12.0 17.0-19.0       Nb+Ta= 103(C)-1.10Ta 0.10Co 0.20
WP348H S34809 0.04-0.10 2.0 0.045 0.030 1.0 9.0-12.0 17.0-19.0       Nb+Ta= 83(C)-1.10Ta 0.10Co 0.20
WPS38815 S38815 0.030 2.0 0.040 0.020 5.5-
6.5
13.0-17.0 13.0-15.0 0.75-1.50     Cu 0.75-1.50Al 0.30

Carbon Steel A860

Carbon Steel ASTM A860 WPHY 70 Pipe Fittings Chemical Composition

  C Mn P S Si Ni Cr Mo Cu Ti V Cb Al
A860 0.20 1.00-1.45 0.03 0.01 0.15-0.40 0.50 0.30 0.25 0.35 0.05 0.10 0.04 0.06

Carbon Steel ASTM A860 WPHY 70 Pipe Fittings Mechanical Properties

Mechanical Properties Tensile (MPa) Yield (MPa) Elongation % 2in
WPHY70 515-690 415 28

Carbon Steel A420

Carbon Steel ASTM A420 WPL3 Pipe Fittings Chemical Composition

Chemical Composition % of ASTM A420 WPL3 Pipe Fittings

 

C

Mn

P

S

Si

Ni

Cr

Mo

Cu

Cb

V

A420 WPL3

0.3

0.050-1.35

0.035

0.04

0.15-0.40

0.4

0.3

0.12

0.4

0.02

0.08

Carbon Steel ASTM A420 WPL3 Pipe Fittings Mechanical Properties

Mechanical Properties of Astm A420 WPL3 Pipe Fittings

Tensile Strength (KSI)

Yield Strength (KSI)

60-95

35

Carbon Steel A694

ASTM A694 Chemical Composition Requirements

Chemical Composition of ASTM A694, Heat Analysis, %
Carbon [C] ≤0.30
Manganese [Mn] ≤1.60
Phosphorus [P] ≤0.025
Sulfur [S] ≤0.025
Silicon [Si] 0.15-0.35

*1. Alloying elements including Cu, Ni, Cr, Mo, V, Nb and B shall be reported if any.
*2. No limits apply to above-mentioned elements of A694 forgings furnished in carbon or low alloy steel.
*3. ASTM A694 forgings furnished in alloy steel should be in conformance to ASTM A707 Grade L5.
*4. When required, the carbon equivalent CE shall be calculated as per C+Mn/6+(Cr+Mo+V)/5+(Cu+Ni)/15.

 

ASTM A694 Mechanical Properties

ASTM A694 Grade Yield Strength min. Tensile Strength min. Elongation min.
MPa ksi MPa ksi %
F42 290 42 415 65 20
F46 315 46 415 60 20
F48 330 48 425 62 20
F50 345 50 440 64 20
F52 360 52 455 66 20
F56 385 56 470 68 20
F60 415 60 515 75 20
F65 450 65 530 77 20
F70 485 70 565 82 18

Carbon Steel A350 LF1 LF2 LF3

CHEMICAL ANALYSIS

LF1:

C% Mn% Si% S% P% Cr% Ni%
0.30 max 0.6/1.35 .15/.30 .040 max .035 max 0.30 max 0.40 max

LF2:

C% Mn% Si% S% P% Cr% Ni%
0.30 max 0.6/1.35 .15/.30 .040 max .035 max 0.30 max 0.40 max

 LF3:

C% Mn% Si% S% P% Cr% Ni%
0.20 max 0.90 .20/.35 .040 max .035 max 0.30 max 3.3/3.7


FORGING

LF1 and LF2 grades would ideally be forged at around 2250-2300ºF(1230-1260ºC) and not forged below 1650-1700ºF(900-925ºC.) LF3 grade would be forged at around 2150-2200ºF (1175-1205ºC) and not forged below 1700ºF (925ºC.)

Carbon Steel A350 LF1 LF2 LF3

CHEMICAL ANALYSIS

LF1:

C% Mn% Si% S% P% Cr% Ni%
0.30 max 0.6/1.35 .15/.30 .040 max .035 max 0.30 max 0.40 max

LF2:

C% Mn% Si% S% P% Cr% Ni%
0.30 max 0.6/1.35 .15/.30 .040 max .035 max 0.30 max 0.40 max

 LF3:

C% Mn% Si% S% P% Cr% Ni%
0.20 max 0.90 .20/.35 .040 max .035 max 0.30 max 3.3/3.7


FORGING

LF1 and LF2 grades would ideally be forged at around 2250-2300ºF(1230-1260ºC) and not forged below 1650-1700ºF(900-925ºC.) LF3 grade would be forged at around 2150-2200ºF (1175-1205ºC) and not forged below 1700ºF (925ºC.)

ALLOY STEEL equivalent grades

Equivalent Grades
Internal Standard BS DIN IS EN SAE/AISI
EN18 530A40 37Cr4 40Cr1 EN18 5140
EN24 817M40 34CrNiMo6 40NiCr4Mo3 EN24 4340
EN19C 709M40 - 40Cr4Mo3 EN19C 4140,4142
EN19 709M40 42Cr4Mo2 40Cr4Mo3 EN19 4140,4142
EN18D 530A40 37Cr4 40Cr1 EN18D 5140
EN18C 530A40 37Cr4 40Cr1 EN18C 5140
EN353 815M17 - 15NiCr1Mo12 EN353 -
EN18A 530A40 37Cr4 40Cr1 EN18A 5140
EN354 820M17 - 15NIVCr1Mo15 EN354 4320
27C15 - 28Mn6 27C15 - 1527
20MnCr5 - 20MnCr5 20MnCr1 - -
20Mn2 150M28 - 20Mn2 EN14A 1524
16MnCr5 - 16MnCr5 17Mn1Cr95 - 5120
15Cr3 523A14 15Cr3 15Cr65 EN206 5015
FILESTEEL - - - - -
EN18B 530A40 37Cr4 40Cr1 EN18B 5140
SCM420 708M20 - - - -
SAE8620 805M20 - 20NiCrMo2 EN362 SAE8620


CARBON STEEL equivalent grades

Internal Standard Equivalent Grades
BS DIN IS EN SAE/AISI JIS
EN15B 150M36 36Mn5 37Mn2, 37C15 EN15B 1536 -
EN32B - CK15 C14 EN32B 1015,1016,1018 -
SAE1038 - CK38 - - 1038 -
EN43C - - C50 EN43C 1050 -
CK45 - CK45 45C8 1045 - -
EN9 070M55 CK55 C55 EN9 1055 -
C35 - C35 35C8, C35Mn75 - 1035 -
EN42 - CK75 80C6 EN42 1074 -
EN42B - C67 65C6 EN42B 1065 -
EN43 080M50 C55 60C6 EN43 1055 -
EN43B 080A47 CK45 - EN43B 1045 -
SAE1541 150M36 36Mn7 37C15 EN15,15A SAE1541 SMn438
EN8 080A40 CK45 45C8 EN8 1040,1045 -
EN8A 080A40 CK45 45C8 EN8A 1040,1045 -
EN8B 080A40 CK45 45C8 45C8 1040,1045 -
EN8C 080A40 CK45 45C8 EN8C 1040,1045 -
EN8D 080A40 CK45 45C8 EN8D 1040,1045 -


HIGH CARBON STEEL equivalent grades

Internal Standard Equivalent Grades
EN SAE/AISI JIS***
PC77 - 1075 SWRH77B
PC80 - 1080 SWRH82B
PC80CR - 1080 SWRH82B
PC270K - 1080 SWRH82B
PC270KCrV - 1080 SWRH82B
R30 EN5D 1030 SWRH32B
R35 - 1035 SWRH37B
R40 EN8 1040 SWRH42B
R45 EN43B 1045 SWRH47B
R50 - 1050 SWRH52B
R55 EN9 1055 SWRH57B
R60 EN43D 1060 SWRH62B
R65 EN42B 1065 SWRH67B
R70 - 1070 SWRH72B
R75 - 1075 SWRH77B, SUP3
R80 - 1080 SWRH82B
R80M - 1085 SWRH87B
R95 - 1090 3CD95A


SPRING STEEL equivalent grades

Internal Standard Equivalent Grades
BS DIN IS EN SAE/AISI JIS
60Si7 - 60Si7 60Si7 EN45A - -
SUP7 - 59Si7 - EN45A 9260 SUP7
SUP12V 685A57 54SiCr6 - - 9254 SUP12V
55Si7 - 55Si7 55Si7 EN45A - -
EN45 250A53 55Si7 55Si2Mn90 EN45 9255 -
65Si7 - 65Si7 - EN45A 9260 -
EN45A 250A58 - - EN45A 9260 -
50CrV4 735A51 50CrV4 50Cr4V2 EN47 6150 SUP10
SAE9254 - - - - 9254 -
SUP7N - - - - 9260 SUP7N
SUP11A - - - - 51B60 SUP11A
SUP9 - 55Cr5 - - 5155 SUP9


BEARING QUALITY STEEL equivalent grades

Internal Standard Equivalent Grades
BS DIN IS EN SAE/AISI
SAE52100 534A99/535A99 100Cr6 103Cr1 EN31 SAE52100
EN31M 534A99/535A99 100Cr6 103Cr1 EN31M 52100
EN31 534A99/535A99 100Cr6 103Cr1 EN31 52100


COLD HEADING QUALITY STEEL - CHQ equivalent grades

Internal Standard Equivalent Grades
BS DIN IS EN SAE/AISI JIS
SAE1020CHQ 070M20 CK22 C20 EN 3A SAE1020 SWRCH20A
SAE1022CHQ - - - - SAE1022 -
SAE4140CHQ 709M40 42CrMo4 40Cr4Mo3 EN19 SAE4140 SCM440
SAE1018CHQ - H111 C-15Mn75 EN2C SAE1018 -
SAE1541CHQ 150M36 36Mn7 37C15 EN15,15A SAE1541 SMn438
15B41 - - - - 15B41 -
1045CHQ - CK45,C45 45C8,C45 - 1045 -
SAE1015CHQ - CK15 - EN32B SAE1015 -
1038CHQ - CK38 - - 1038 -
SAE1012CHQ 040A12 CK10 C7, C10 2A/1,2B SAE1012 SWRCH12A
15B25 - - 26C10BT - 15B25 -
SAE1010CHQ - CK10 C10 - SAE1010 -
10B21 - - 21C10BT - 10B21 -
SAE1008CHQ 040A04 C10 C5 2A,2A/1,2B SAE1008 SWRCH8A


FREE CUTTING STEEL equivalent grades

Internal Standard Equivalent Grades
BS DIN IS EN SAE/AISI JIS
EN15(AM) 216M36 - 40Mn15S12 ENI5(AM) 1137 -
EN1A 220Mo7 9SMn28 11C10S25 EN1A 1213 SUM22
EN1APB 220Mo7Pb 9SMnPb36 - EN1APB 12L14 SUM24L
EN8M 212M36 - 40C10S18 EN8M 1I46 -
SAE1146 - - 40C10S18 EN8M SAE1146 -


LOW CARBON STEEL equivalent grades

Internal Standard Equivalent Grades
BS DIN IS EN SAE/AISI JIS
LCCF 040A04 C10 CS 2A, 2A/1, 2B SAE1008 SWRCH8A
SAE1015 - CK15 - - SAE1015 -
SAE1012 040A12 CK10 C7, C10 2A/1, 2B SAE1012 SWRCH12A
SAE1010 - CK10 C10 - SAE1010 -
SAE1008 040A04 C10 C5 2A, 2A/1, 2B SAE1008 SWRCH8A
SAE1020 070M20 CK22 C20 EN 3A SAE1020 SWRCH20A
P12 - - - - - -
SAE1018 - CK15 C15Mn75 EN32B,EN32C SAE1018 -


MATERIAL CROSS REFERENCE LIST

CARBON STEEL equivalent grades
USA Japan Germany U. K. France Italy Spain Sweden China
AISI/SAE JIS W.-nr. DIN BS EN AFNOR UNI UNE SS GB
A570.36 STKM 12A
STKM 12C
1.0038 RSt.37-2 4360 40 C E 24-2 Ne 1311 15
1015 1.0401 C15 080M15 CC12 C15, C16 F.111 1350 15
1020 1.0402 C22 050A20 2C CC20 C20, C21 F.112 1450 20
1213 SUM22 1.0715 9SMn28 230M07 1A S250 CF9SMn28 F.2111
11SMn28
1912 Y15
12L13 SUM22L 1.0718 9SMnPb28 S250Pb CF9SMnPb28 11SMnPb28 1914
1.0722 10SPb20 10PbF2 CF10Pb20 10SPb20
1215 1.0736 9SMn36 240M07 1B S300 CF9SMn36 12SMn35 Y13
12L14 1.0737 9SMnPb36 S300Pb CF9SMnPb36 12SMnP35 1926
1015 S15C 1.1141 Ck15 080M15 32C XC12 C16 C15K 1370 15
1025 S25C 1.1158 Ck25 25
A572-60 1.890 StE380 4360 55 E FeE390KG 2145
1035 1.0501 C35 060A35 CC35 C35 F.113 1550 35
1045 1.0503 C45 080M46 CC45 C45 F.114 1650 45
1140 1.0726 35S20 212M36 8M 35MF4 F210G 1957
1039 1.1157 40Mn4 150M36 15 35M5 40Mn
1335 SMn438(H) 1.1167 36Mn5 40M5 36Mn5 2120 35Mn2
1330 SCMn1 1.1170 28Mn6 150M28 14A 20M5 C28Mn 30Mn
1035 S35C 1.1183 Cf35 060A35 XC38TS C36 1572 35Mn
1045 S45C 1.1191 Ck45 080M46 XC42 C45 C45K 1672 Ck45
1050 S50C 1.1213 Cf53 060A52 XC48TS C53 1674 50
1055 1.0535 C55 070M55 9 C55 1655 55
1060 1.0601 C60 080A62 43D CC55 C60 60
1055 S55C 1.1203 Ck55 070M55 XC55 C50 C55K 55
1060 S58C 1.1221 Ck60 080A62 43D XC60 C60 1678 60Mn
1095 1.1274 Ck101 060A96 XC100 F.5117 1870
W1 SK3 1.1545 C105W1 BW1A Y105 C36KU F.5118 1880
W210 SUP4 1.1545 C105W1 BW2 Y120 C120KU F.515 2900

INCONEL

Chemical Composition, %

Ni + Co Cr Fe C Mn S Si Cu
72.0 min 14.0-17.0 6.0-10.0 .15 max 1.00 max .015 max .50 max .50 max


Fabrication with Inconel 600

Alloy 600 can be both hot formed and cold formed using typical processes. Hot working should be performed between 1600° F and 2250° F avoiding any work between1200-1600° F because the ductility decreases in this temperature range. Welding Alloy 600 can be achieved via shielded metal-arc welding, TIG, and MIG.

ASTM Specifications

Pipe Smls Pipe Welded Tube Smls Tube Welded Sheet/Plate Bar Forging Fitting Wire
B167 B517 B163 B516 B168 B166 B564 B366  

Mechanical Properties
Typical room temperature Tensile Properties of Annealed Material

Product Form Condition Tensile (ksi) .2% Yield (ksi) Elongation (%) Hardness (HRB)
Rod & Bar Cold-Drawn 80-100 25-50 35-55 65-85
Rod & Bar Hot-Finished 80-100 30-50 35-55 65-85
Tube & Pipe Hot-Finished 75-100 25-50 35*55 -
Tube & Pipe Cold-Drawn 80-100 25-50 35-55 88 Max
Plate Hot-Rolled 80-105 30-50 35-55 65-85
Sheet Cold-Drawn 80-100 30-45 35-55 88 Max

Inconel 600 Melting Point

Element Density Melting Point Tensile Strength Yield Strength (0.2%Offset) Elongation
Alloy 600 8.47 g/cm3 1413 °C (2580 °F) Psi – 95,000 , MPa – 655 Psi – 45,000 , MPa – 310 40 %

Inconel 600 Equivalent

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
Alloy 600 2.4816 N06600 NCF 600 NA 13 МНЖМц 28-2,5-1,5 NC15FE11M NiCr15Fe

Chemical Composition, %

Ni Cr Al C Mn Si Fe
61.5 22.5 1.4 .05 .3 .2 14

ASTM Specifications

Pipe Smls Pipe Welded Tube Smls Tube Welded Sheet/Plate Bar Forging Fitting Wire
B167 B517 B167 - B168 B166 B564 B366 B166

Mechanical Properties
Typical room temperature Properties

Tensile (psi) .2% Yield (psi) Elongation (%)
80,000 30,000 35

Inconel 601 Melting Point

Element Density Melting Point Tensile Strength Yield Strength (0.2%Offset) Elongation
Inconel 601 8.1 g/cm3 1411 °C (2571 °F) Psi – 80,000 , MPa – 550 Psi – 30,000 , MPa – 205 30 %

Inconel 601 Equivalent

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
Inconel 601 2.4851 N06601 NCF 601 NA 49 XH60BT NC23FeA NiCr23Fe

Chemical Composition, %

Cr Ni Mo Co + Nb Ta Al Ti C
20.00-30.00 Remainder 8.0-10.0 1.0 max 3.15-4.15 .40 max .40 max .10 max
Fe Mn Si P S      
5.0 max .50 max .50 max .015 max .015 max      


ASTM Specifications

Pipe Smls Pipe Welded Tube Smls Tube Welded Sheet/Plate Bar Forging Fitting Wire
B444 B705 B444 B704 B443 B446 - - -

Mechanical Properties 
Representative Tensile Properties, bar, 1800° F anneal

Temp° F Tensile (psi) .2% Yield (psi) Elongation in 2 “ (%)
70 144,000 84,000 44
400 134,000 66,000 45
600 132,000 63,000 42.5
800 131,500 61,000 45
1000 130,000 60,500 48
1200 119,000 60,000 34
1400 78,000 58,500 59
1600 40,000 39,000 117

Inconel 625 Melting Point

Melting Point 1290 - 1350 °C 2350 - 2460 °F

Inconel 625 Equivalent

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
Inconel 625 2.4856 N06625 NCF 625 NA 21 ХН75МБТЮ NC22DNB4MNiCr22Mo9Nb NiCr23Fe

Inconel 718 Chemical Composition, %

Ni Fe Cr Cu Mo Nb C Mn
50.00-55.00 Remainder 17.00-21.00 .30 max 2.80-3.30 4.75-5.50 .08 max .35 max
P S Si Ti Al Co B  
.015 max .015 max .35 max .65-1.15 .20-.80 1.00 max .006 max  

Inconel 718 ASTM Specifications

Sheet/Plate Bar Wire
B670 B637 -

Inconel 718 Mechanical Properties  
Typical room temperature properties, 1800°F annealed condition

Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi .2% Yield Strength psi Elongation % Hardness Rockwell B
135,000 70,000 45 100

Inconel 718 Melting Point

 
Solution Treated
Solution Treated and Aged
Density
0.296 lb/in3 (8.192 g/cm3)
0.297 lb/in3 (8.22 g/cm3)
Specific Gravity
8.19
8.22
Melting Range
2500-2600°F
1370-1430°C

Inconel 718 Equivalent

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
Inconel 718 2.4668 N07718 NCF 718

Alloy 800 (UNS N08800) Chemical Composition, %

Ni Cr Fe C Al Ti Al+Ti
30.0-35.0 19.0-23.0 39.5 min .10 max .15-.60 .15-.60 .30-1.20

Alloy 800H (UNS N08810) Chemical Composition, %

Ni Cr Fe C Al Ti Al+Ti
30.0-35.0 19.0-23.0 39.5 min .05-.10 .15-.60 .15-.60 .30-1.20

Alloy 800HT (UNS N08811) Chemical Composition, %

Ni Cr Fe C Al Ti Al+Ti
30.0-35.0 19.0-23.0 39.5 min .06-.10 .25-.60 .25-.60 0.85-1.2

Mechanical Properties
Typical room temperature Tensile Properties of Annealed Material

Product Tensile (ksi) .2% Yield (ksi) Elongation (%)
Rod & Bar 75-100 30-60 60-30

Incoloy 800 Melting Point

Incoloy 800 / 800H / 800HT Melting Point

Grade Density Melting Point
Incoloy 800H/800HT 8.0 g/cm3 1370°C-1400 °C

Incoloy 800 Equivalent

Incoloy 800/ 800H/ 800HT Equivalent

ASTM Specifications

Alloy Pipe Smls Pipe Welded Tube Smls Tube Welded Sheet/Plate Bar Forging Fitting
Alloy 800 (UNS N08800) B407 B154 B163 B515 B409 B408 B564 B366
Alloy 800H (UNS N08810) B407 B154 B163 B515 B409 B408 B564 B366
Alloy 800HT (UNS N08811) B407 B154 B163 B515 B409 B408 B564 B366

Inconel 800/800H

Chemical Composition

Incoloy

Incoloy 800

Incoloy 800H

Element

Min

Max

Min

Max

Nickel + Cobalt

30.0

35.0

30.0

35.0

Cobalt

---

2.00

---

2.00

Chromium

19.0

23.0

19.0

23.0

Copper

---

0.75

---

0.75

Iron

Bal

Bal

Silicon

---

1.00

---

1.00

Manganese

---

1.50

---

1.50

Carbon

---

0.10

0.05

0.10

Aluminum

0.15

0.60

0.15

0.60

Titanium

0.15

0.60

0.15

0.60

Sulfur

---

0.015

---

0.015

Physical Properties

The following table discusses the physical properties of INCOLOY alloy 800.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 7.94 gm/cm3 0.287 lb/in3

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of INCOLOY alloy 800 are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength(annealed) 600 MPa 87 ksi
Yield strength(annealed) 275 MPa 39.9 ksi
Elongation at Break 45% 45%

Inconel 800HT

Alloy 800HT (UNS N08811) Chemical Composition, %

Ni Cr Fe C Al Ti Al+Ti
30.0-35.0 19.0-23.0 39.5 min .06-.10 .25-.60 .25-.60 0.85-1.2

Mechanical Properties

Typical room temperature Tensile Properties of Annealed Material

Product Tensile (ksi) .2% Yield (ksi) Elongation (%)
Rod & Bar 75-100 30-60 60-30

ASTM Specifications

Pipe Smls Pipe Welded Tube Smls Tube Welded Sheet/Plate Bar Forging Fitting
B423       B424 B425 B564 B366, B564

General Mechanical Properties

Tensile (ksi) .2% Yield (ksi)
85 30-35

Typical Mechanical Properties

Material Form and Condition Tensile Strength MPa Yield Strength (0.2% Offset) MPa Elongation (%)
Alloy 825 Tube Annealed 772 441 36
Alloy 825 Tube Cold Drawn 1000 889 15
Alloy 825 Bar Annealed 690 324 45
Alloy 825 Plate Annealed 662 338 45
Alloy 825 Sheet Annealed 758 421 39

Incoloy 825 Specification

UNS N08825 WS 2.458 FMC Spec M41104, M40116, M40154 NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156

 

Alloy 825 Sheet, Strip and Plate  
BS3072 NA16
BS 3073 NA16
ASTM B 424
ASTM B 906
ASME SB 424
ASME SB 906
DIN 17750
VdTUV 432
Alloy 825 Pipe and Tube BS 3074 NA16
ASTM B163, ASME SB 163
ASTM B 423, ASME SB 423
ASTM B704, ASME SB 704
ASTM B 705, ASME SB 705
ASTM B 751, ASME SB 751
ASTM B 755, ASME SB 755
ASTM B 829, ASME SB 829
DIN 17751, VdTUV 432
Alloy 825 Rod, Bars, Forgings BS 3076 NA16
ASTM B 425
ASTM B 564
ASME SB 425
ASME SB 564
ASME Code Case N-572
DIN 17752, DIN 17753, DIN 17754
VdTUV 432
Other Similar Specifications ASTM B366
ASME SB 366
DIN 17744 

Incoloy 825 Melting Point

Element Density Melting Point Tensile Strength Yield Strength (0.2%Offset) Elongation
Incoloy 825 8.14 g/cm3 1400 °C (2550 °F) Psi - 80,000 , MPa - 550 Psi - 32,000 , MPa - 220 30 %

Incoloy 825 Equivalent

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN OR
Incoloy 825 2.4858 N08825 NCF 825 NA 16 ЭП703 NFE30C20DUM NiCr21Mo XH38BT

INCOLOY

Alloy 800 (UNS N08800) Chemical Composition, %

Ni Cr Fe C Al Ti Al+Ti
30.0-35.0 19.0-23.0 39.5 min .10 max .15-.60 .15-.60 .30-1.20

Alloy 800H (UNS N08810) Chemical Composition, %

Ni Cr Fe C Al Ti Al+Ti
30.0-35.0 19.0-23.0 39.5 min .05-.10 .15-.60 .15-.60 .30-1.20

Alloy 800HT (UNS N08811) Chemical Composition, %

Ni Cr Fe C Al Ti Al+Ti
30.0-35.0 19.0-23.0 39.5 min .06-.10 .25-.60 .25-.60 0.85-1.2

Mechanical Properties
Typical room temperature Tensile Properties of Annealed Material

Product Tensile (ksi) .2% Yield (ksi) Elongation (%)
Rod & Bar 75-100 30-60 60-30

Incoloy 800 Melting Point

Incoloy 800 / 800H / 800HT Melting Point

Grade Density Melting Point
Incoloy 800H/800HT 8.0 g/cm3 1370°C-1400 °C

Incoloy 800 Equivalent

Incoloy 800/ 800H/ 800HT Equivalent

ASTM Specifications

Alloy Pipe Smls Pipe Welded Tube Smls Tube Welded Sheet/Plate Bar Forging Fitting
Alloy 800 (UNS N08800) B407 B154 B163 B515 B409 B408 B564 B366
Alloy 800H (UNS N08810) B407 B154 B163 B515 B409 B408 B564 B366
Alloy 800HT (UNS N08811) B407 B154 B163 B515 B409 B408 B564 B366

ASTM Specifications

Pipe Smls Pipe Welded Tube Smls Tube Welded Sheet/Plate Bar Forging Fitting
B423       B424 B425 B564 B366, B564

General Mechanical Properties

Tensile (ksi) .2% Yield (ksi)
85 30-35

Typical Mechanical Properties

Material Form and Condition Tensile Strength MPa Yield Strength (0.2% Offset) MPa Elongation (%)
Alloy 825 Tube Annealed 772 441 36
Alloy 825 Tube Cold Drawn 1000 889 15
Alloy 825 Bar Annealed 690 324 45
Alloy 825 Plate Annealed 662 338 45
Alloy 825 Sheet Annealed 758 421 39

Incoloy 825 Specification

UNS N08825 WS 2.458 FMC Spec M41104, M40116, M40154 NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156

 

Alloy 825 Sheet, Strip and Plate  
BS3072 NA16
BS 3073 NA16
ASTM B 424
ASTM B 906
ASME SB 424
ASME SB 906
DIN 17750
VdTUV 432
Alloy 825 Pipe and Tube BS 3074 NA16
ASTM B163, ASME SB 163
ASTM B 423, ASME SB 423
ASTM B704, ASME SB 704
ASTM B 705, ASME SB 705
ASTM B 751, ASME SB 751
ASTM B 755, ASME SB 755
ASTM B 829, ASME SB 829
DIN 17751, VdTUV 432
Alloy 825 Rod, Bars, Forgings BS 3076 NA16
ASTM B 425
ASTM B 564
ASME SB 425
ASME SB 564
ASME Code Case N-572
DIN 17752, DIN 17753, DIN 17754
VdTUV 432
Other Similar Specifications ASTM B366
ASME SB 366
DIN 17744 

Incoloy 825 Melting Point

Element Density Melting Point Tensile Strength Yield Strength (0.2%Offset) Elongation
Incoloy 825 8.14 g/cm3 1400 °C (2550 °F) Psi - 80,000 , MPa - 550 Psi - 32,000 , MPa - 220 30 %

Incoloy 825 Equivalent

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN OR
Incoloy 825 2.4858 N08825 NCF 825 NA 16 ЭП703 NFE30C20DUM NiCr21Mo XH38BT

Incoloy 925 Composition

The following table shows the chemical composition of Incoloy(r) alloy 925™.

Elements Content (%)
Nickel, Ni 44
Iron, Fe 28
Chromium, Cr 21
Molybdenum, Mo 3
Titanium, Ti 2.1
Copper, Cu 1.8
Aluminum, Al 0.3
Carbon, C 0.01

 

Incoloy 925 Melting Point

The physical properties of Incoloy(r) alloy 925™ are given in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 8.05 g/cm³ 0.291 lb/in³
Incoloy 925 Melting Point 1343°C 2450°F

The mechanical properties of Incoloy(r) alloy 925™ are outlined in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength (precipitation hardened, value at room temperature) 1210 MPa 175000 psi
Tensile strength (@ 550°C/1020°F, precipitation hardened prior to test) 970 MPa 141000 psi
Yield strength (@ strain 0.200%, precipitation hardened. value at room temperature) 810 MPa 117000 psi
Yield strength (@ strain 0.200%, temperature 550°C/1020°F, precipitation hardened prior to test) 700 MPa 102000 psi
Poisson's ratio 0.281 0.281
Elongation at break (precipitation hardened) 24% 24%

Welding

Shielded metal-arc welding, gas metal-arc welding, gas-tungsten arc welding, and submerged-arc welding methods are preferred for welding Incoloy(r) alloy 925 ™.

Incoloy 925 Equivalent

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS
Incoloy 925 Equivalent - N09925 NCF 925

The chemical composition of INCOLOY alloy 330 is given in the following table.

Element Content (%)
Iron, Fe 43
Nickel, Ni 34-37
Chromium, Cr 17-20
Manganese, Mn ≤2
Others Remainder

The following table discusses the physical properties of INCOLOY alloy 330.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 8.08 gm/cm3 0.292 lb/in3
Incoloy 330 Melting Point    

The mechanical properties of INCOLOY alloy 330 are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength(annealed) 600 MPa 87 ksi
Yield strength(annealed) 280 MPa 40.6 ksi
Elongation at Break 45% 45%

MONEL

Monel 400 Composition

MONEL® ALLOY 400 UNS N04400 Chemical Composition, %

C Mn S Si Ni Cu Fe
.30 max 2.00 max .024 max .50 max 63.0 min 28.0-34.0 2.50 max

ASTM Specifications of MONEL® ALLOY 400

Pipe Smls Pipe Welded Tube Smls Tube Welded Sheet/Plate Bar Forging Fitting Wire
B165 B725 B163   B127 B164 B564 B366  

 

MONEL 400 Mechanical Properties
Typical room temperature Tensile Properties of Annealed Material

Product Form

Condition Tensile (ksi) .2% Yield (ksi) Elongation (%) Hardness (HRB)
Rod & Bar Annealed 75-90 25-50 60-35 60-80
Rod & Bar Cold-Drawn Stress Relieved 84-120 55-100 40-22 85-20 HRC
Plate Annealed 70-85 28-50 50-35 60-76
Sheet Annealed 70-85 30-45 45-35 65-80
Tube & Pipe Seamless Annealed 70-85 25-45 50-35 75 max *

*The ranges shown are composites for various product sizes and therefore are not suitable for specification purposes. Hardness values are suitable for specification purposes provided tensile properties are not also specified..

Alloy 400 Trivia

*Alloy 400 is slightly magnetic at room temperature.

Other common names: Alloy 400

In what forms is Monel 400 Available at Steel Tubes India?

  • Sheet
  • Plate
  • Bar
  • Pipe & Tube (welded & seamless)
  • Fittings (i.e. flanges, slip-ons, blinds, weld-necks, lapjoints, long welding necks, socket welds, elbows, tees, stub-ends, returns, caps, crosses, reducers, and pipe nipples)
  • Wire

Monel 400 Melting Point

Melting Point : 2370-2460° F.

Monel 400 Equivalent

STANDARD UNS WERKSTOFF NR. AFNOR EN JIS BS GOST
Monel 400 N04400 2.4360 NU-30M NiCu30Fe NW 4400 NA 13 МНЖМц 28-2,5-1,5

Monel K500 Composition

K500 Monel Alloy Chemical Composition

Monel K500 Ni C Al Mn Si Fe Cu S Ti Cr
63.0 min 0.25 max 2.3 - 3.15 1.5 max 0.5 max 05 - 2 27.0 - 33.0 0.010 max 0.35 - 0.85 --

Monel Alloy K500 Mechanical Properties

Density Melting Point Yield Strength (0.2%Offset) Tensile Strength Elongation
8.44 g/cm3 1350 °C (2460 °F) Psi - 1,15,000 , MPa - 790 Psi - 1,60,000 , MPa - 1100 20 %

Monel K500 Melting Point

1350 °C (2460 °F)

Monel K500 Equivalent

STANDARD UNS WERKSTOFF NR. AFNOR EN JIS BS GOST
Monel K500 N05500 2.4375 - - - - -

HASTELLOY

Hastelloy B3 Composition

Hastelloy B2 / B3 Chemical Composition

Hastelloy B2 Ni C Mo Mn Si Fe P S Co Cr
Balance 0.02 max 26 – 30 1.00 max 0.1 max 2.0 max 0.04 max 0.03 max 1.0 max 1.0 max
Hastelloy B3 Ni C Mo Mn Si Fe Ti S Cu Cr
65.0 min 0.01 max 28.5 3.0 max 0.10 max 15 0.2 max 0.03 max 0.20 max 1.5max

Hastelloy B2 / B3 Mechanical Properties

Grade Density Melting Point Yield Strength (0.2%Offset) Tensile Strength Elongation
Hastelloy B2 9.2 g/cm3 1370 °C (2500 °F) Psi – 51000 , MPa – 350 Psi – 1,10,000 , MPa – 760 40 %
Hastelloy B3 - - - - -

Hastelloy B3 Melting Point

1370 °C (2500 °F)

Hastelloy B2 / B3 Equivalent

STANDARD UNS WERKSTOFF NR. AFNOR EN JIS BS GOST
Hastelloy B2 N10276 2.4617
Hastelloy B3 N10675 2.4600

Hastelloy C22 Composition

Hastelloy C22 Chemical Composition

Hastelloy C22 Ni C Mo Mn Si Fe P S Co Cr
Balance 0.010 max 12.5 – 14.5 0.50 max 0.08 max 2 – 6 0.02 max 0.02 max 2.5 max 20 – 22.5

Hastelloy C22 Mechanical Properties

Density Melting Point Yield Strength (0.2%Offset) Tensile Strength Elongation
8.69 g/cm3 1399 °C (2550 °F) Psi – 45000 , MPa – 310 Psi – 1,00,000 , MPa – 690 45 %

Hastelloy C22 Melting Point

1399 °C (2550 °F)

In what forms is Hastelloy C22 Available at Steel Tubes India?

  • Sheet
  • Plate
  • Bar
  • Pipe & Tube (welded & seamless)
  • Fittings (i.e. flanges, slip-ons, blinds, weld-necks, lapjoints, long welding necks, socket welds, elbows, tees, stub-ends, returns, caps, crosses, reducers, and pipe nipples)
  • Wire

Hastelloy C22 Chemical Composition, %

C Cr Co Fe Mn Mo Ni P
.010 max 20-22.5 2.5 max 2.0-6.0 .50 max 12.5-14.5 Balance .02 max
Si S W V        
.08 max .02 max 2.5-3.5 .35 max        

 

ASTM Specifications of Hastelloy C22 Products

Pipe Smls
Pipe Welded
Tube Smls
Tube Welded
Sheet/Plate
Bar
Forging
Fitting
B622
B619 B622 B626 B575 B574 B564 B366

Hastelloy C22 Equivalent

STANDARD UNS WERKSTOFF NR. AFNOR EN JIS BS GOST
Hastelloy C22 N06022 2.4602 NiCr21Mo14W NW 6022

Hastelloy C276 Composition

Hastelloy C276 Chemical Composition

Hastelloy C276 Ni C Mo Mn Si Fe P S Co Cr
Balance 0.010 max 15.00 – 17.00 1.00 max 0.08 max 4.00 – 7.00 0.04 max 0.03 max 2.5 max 14.50 – 16.50

Hastelloy C276 Mechanical Properties 
Typical Room Temperature Tensile Properties of Annealed Material

Product Form Tensile (ksi) .2% Yield (ksi) Elongation %
Alloy C276 Bar 110.0 52.6 62
Alloy C276 Plate 107.4 50.3 67
Alloy C276 Sheet 115.5 54.6 60
Alloy C276 Tube & Alloy C276 Pipe 105.4 45.4 70

Hastelloy C276 Melting Point

Physical Properties

°F

British Units

°C

Metric Units

Density

72

0.321 lb./in.(3)

22

8.89 g/cm(3)

Melting Range

2415-
2500

 

1323-
1371

 

Electrical
Resistivity

75

51 microhm-in.

24

1.30 microhm-m

Mean Coefficient
of Thermal
Expansion

75-200

6.2 microin./in.-°F

24-93

11.2 X 10(-6)m/m-K

75-400

6.7 microin./in.-°F

24-204

12.0 X 10(-6)m/m-K

75-600

7.1 microin./in.-°F

24-316

12.8 X 10(-6)m/m-K

75-800

7.3 microin./in.-°F

24-427

13.2 X 10(-6)m/m-K

75-1000

7.4 microin./in.-°F

24-538

13.4 X 10(-6)m/m-K

75-1200

7.8 microin./in.-°F

24-649

14.1 X 10(-6)m/m-K

75-1400

8.3 microin./in.-°F

24-760

14.9 X 10(-6)m/m-K

75-1600

8.8 microin./in.-°F

24-871

15.9 X 10(-6)m/m-K

75-1700

8.9 microin./in.-°F

24-927

16.0 X 10(-6)m/m-K

Thermal
Conductivity

-270

50 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

-168

7.2 W/m-K

-100

60 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

-73

8.6 W/m-K

0

65 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

32

9.4 W/m-K

100

71 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

38

10.2 W/m-K

200

77 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

93

11.1 W/m-K

400

90 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

204

13.0 W/m-K

600

104 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

316

15.0 W/m-K

800

117 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

427

16.9 W/m-K

1000

132 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

538

19.0 W/m-K

1200

145 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

649

20.9 W/m-K

1400

159 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

760

22.9 W/m-K

1600

173 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

871

24.9 W/m-K

1800

185 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

982

26.7 W/m-K

2000

195 Btu-in/ft²-hr-°F

1093

28.1 W/m-K

Hastelloy C276 Equivalent

STANDARD UNS WERKSTOFF NR. AFNOR EN JIS BS GOST
Hastelloy C276 N10276 2.4819 NiMo16Cr15W NW 0276 ХН65МВУ

Hastelloy C2000 Composition

Chemical Composition Of Alloy C-2000 Tubes

Alloy (UNS) Ni Cr Mo W Cu Fe Carbon
C2000® (N06200) Bal 22.00-24.00 15.00-17.00 1.30-1.90 3.00 max. 0.010max.

 

Heat Treatment of Finished Parts
Condition as supplied by Alloy Wire Type Temperature Time (Hr) Cooling
°C °F
Annealed or Spring Temper Stress Relieve 400 – 450 750 – 840 2 Air

 

 
Properties
Condition Approx. tensile strength Approx. operating temperature
N/mm² ksi °C °F
Annealed 700 – 1000 102 – 145 -200 to +400 -330 to +750
Spring Temper 1300 – 1600 189 – 232 -200 to +400 -330 to +750

Hastelloy C2000 Melting Point

Melting Point 1399°C 2550°F
Density 8.5 g/cm³ 0.307 lb/in³
Coefficient of Expansion 12.4 μm/m °C (20 – 100°C) 6.9 x 10-6 in/in °F (70 – 212°F)
Modulus of Rigidity 79 kN/mm² 11458 ksi
Modulus of Elasticity 206 kN/mm² 29878 ksi

Hastelloy C2000 Equivalent

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS AWS
Hastelloy C2000 2.4675 N06200 AWS 055

Hastelloy X Composition

Hastelloy X Chemical Composition

Hastelloy X Ni C Mo Mn Si Fe P S Co Cr
balance 0.05 – 0.15 8.00-10.00 1.0 max 1.00 max 17.00 – 20.00 0.04 max 0.03 max 0.50 – 2.50 20.50-23.00

Hastelloy X Mechanical Properties

Density Melting Point Yield Strength (0.2%Offset) Tensile Strength Elongation
8.22 g/cm³ 1355°C 240 MPa 655 MPa 35 %

Hastelloy X Melting Point

Melting Point
1355°C

Hastelloy X Equivalent

STANDARD UNS WERKSTOFF NR. AFNOR EN JIS BS GOST
Hastelloy X N06002 2.4665

NICKEL

Nickel 200 (UNS N02200) Chemical Composition, %

Ni Fe Cu C Mn S Si
99.0 min .40 max .25 max .15 max .35 max .01 max .35 max

 

Nickel 200 ASTM Specifications

Pipe Smls Pipe Welded Tube Smls Tube Welded Sheet/Plate Bar Fitting
B161 B622 B161 B622 B162 B160 B163

Mechanical Properties
Room Temperature properties of Various Products

Product Form Condition Tensile (ksi) .2% Yield (ksi) Elongation (%) Hardness (HRB)
Rod & Bar Hot Finished 60-85 15-45 55-35 45-80
Rod & Bar Cold Drawn/Annealed or Hot-Finished/Annealed 55-75 15-30 55-40 45-70
Plate Hot-Rolled/Annealed 55-80 15-40 60-40 45-75
Sheet Annealed 55-75 15-30 55-40 70 max
Tube & Pipe Seamless Annealed 55-75 12-30 60-40 70 max

Nickel 200 Melting Point

Properties Metric Imperial
Melting point 1435-1446°C 2615-2635°F
Density 8.89 g/cm3 0.321 lb/in3

Nickel 200 Equivalent

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
Nickel 200 2.4066 N02200 NW 2200 NA 11 НП-2 N-100M Ni 99.2

Nickel 201 (UNS N02201) Chemical Composition, %

Ni Fe Cu C Mn S Si
99.0 min .40 max .25 max .02 max .35 max .01 max .35 max

Nickel 201 ASTM Specifications

Pipe Smls Pipe Welded Tube Smls Tube Welded Sheet/Plate Bar Fitting
B161 B622 B161 B622 B162 B160 B163

Nickel 201 Mechanical Properties
Room Temperature properties of Various Products

Product Form Condition Tensile (ksi) .2% Yield (ksi) Elongation (%) Hardness (HRB)
Alloy 201 Rod & Bar Hot Finished 60-85 15-45 55-35 45-80
Alloy 201 Bar & Rod Cold Drawn/Annealed or Hot-Finished/Annealed 55-75 15-30 55-40 45-70
Alloy 201 Plate Hot-Rolled/Annealed 55-80 15-40 60-40 45-75
Alloy 201 Sheet Annealed 55-75 15-30 55-40 70 max
Alloy 201 Tube & Pipe Seamless Annealed 55-75 12-30 60-40 70 max

Nickel 201 Melting Point

Properties Metric Imperial
Melting point 1435 - 1446°C 2615 - 2635°F
Density 8.89 g/cm3 0.321 lb/in3

Nickel 201 Equivalent

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS JIS BS GOST AFNOR EN
Nickel 201 2.4068 N02201 NW 2201 NA 12 НП-2 - LC-Ni 99

TITANIUM

Titanium Composition

Grade Description
Titanium Grade 1 Unalloyed titanium, low oxygen, low strength
Titanium Grade 2 Unalloyed titanium, standard oxygen, medium strength
Titanium Grade 3 Unalloyed titanium, medium oxygen, high strength
Titanium Grade 4 Unalloyed titanium, high oxygen, extra high strength
Titanium Grade 5 Titanium alloy (6% aluminum, 4% vanadium)
Titanium Grade 7 Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12% to 0.25% palladium, standard oxygen, medium strength
Titanium Grade 9 Titanium alloy (3% aluminum, 2.5% vanadium), high strength. Mainly aerospace applications
Titanium Grade 11 Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12% to 0.25% palladium, low oxygen, low strength
Titanium Grade 12 Titanium alloy (0.3% molybdenum, 0.8% nickel), high strength
Titanium Grade 13 Titanium alloy (0.5% nickel, 0.05% ruthenium), low oxygen
Titanium Grade 14 Titanium alloy (0.5% nickel, 0.05% ruthenium), standard oxygen
Titanium Grade 15 Titanium alloy (0.5% nickel, 0.05% ruthenium), medium oxygen
Titanium Grade 16 Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04% to 0.08% palladium, standard oxygen, medium strength
Titanium Grade 17 Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04% to 0.08% palladium, low oxygen, low strength
Titanium Grade 18 Titanium alloy (3% aluminum, 2.5% vanadium plus 0.04% to 0.08% palladium),
Titanium Grade 19 Titanium alloy (3% aluminum, 8% vanadium, 6% chromium, 4% zirconium, 4% molybdenum)
Titanium Grade 20 Titanium alloy (3% aluminum, 8% vanadium, 6% chromium, 4% zirconium, 4% molybdenum) plus 0.04% to 0.08% palladium
Titanium Grade 21 Titanium alloy (15% molybdenum, 3% aluminum, 2.7% niobium, 0.25% silicon)
Titanium Grade 23 Titanium alloy (6% aluminum, 4% vanadium, extra low interstitial, ELI)
Titanium Grade 24 Titanium alloy (6% aluminum, 4% vanadium) plus 0.04% to 0.08% palladium
Titanium Grade 25 Titanium alloy (6% aluminum, 4% vanadium) plus 0.3% to 0.8% nickel and 0.04% to 0.08% palladium
Titanium Grade 26 Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08% to 0.14% ruthenium, standard oxygen, medium strength
Titanium Grade 27 Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08% to 0.14% ruthenium, low oxygen,low strength
Titanium Grade 28 Titanium alloy (3% aluminum, 2.5% vanadium) plus 0.08% to 0.14% ruthenium
Titanium Grade 29 Titanium alloy (6% aluminum, 4% vanadium with extra low interstitial elements (ELI) plus 0.08% to 0.14% ruthenium

Titanium & Titanium Alloys MIL-T Specifications

AMS-T-9046 (Issued 1999)
Commercially Pure Titanium
(CP) CODE Yield Strength (min. ksi)
CP-1 (70 KSI-YS)
CP-2 (55 KSI-YS)
CP-3 (40 KSI-YS)
CP-4 (30 KSI-YS)
Alpha Titanium Alloys (A)
CODE Composition
A-1 5AL-2.5Sn
A-2 5AL-2.5Sn (ELI)
A-3 6AL-2Cb-1Ta-0.8Mo
A-4 8AL-1Mo-1V
Alpha-Beta Titanium Alloy
(AB) CODE Composition
AB-1 6AL-4V
AB-2 6AL-4V (ELI)
AB-3 6AL-6V-2Sn
AB-4 6AL-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo
AB-5 3.AL-2.5V
AB-6 8Mn
Beta Titanium Alloys (B)
CODE Composition
B-1 13V-11Cr-3AL
B-2 11.5Mo-6Zr-4.5Sn
B-3 3AL-8V-6Cr-4Mo-4Zr
B-4 8Mo-8V-2Fe-3AL

 

APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS
MIL-H-81200 Heat Treatment of Titanium and Titanium Alloys
FED-STD-151 Metals, Test Methods
MIL-STD-105 Sampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by Attributes.
MIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage
MIL-STD-163 Steel Mill Products Preparation for Shipment and Storage
MIL-STD-410 Nondestructive Testing Personnel Qualification and Certification (Eddy Current, Liquid Penetrant, Magnetic Particle, Radiographic and Ultrasonic)
SAE Publications
AMS - 2242 Tolerances-Corrosion and Heat Resistant Steel and Iron Base Alloy Sheet, Strip and Plate and Titanium and Titanium Alloy Sheet, Strip and Plate
AMS 2249 Chemical Check Analysis Limits- Titanium and Titanium Alloys
AMS 2631 Ultrasonic Inspection of Titanium and Titanium Alloys
ARP 982A Minimizing Stree Corrosion in Wrought Heat Treatable Titanium Alloys
ASTM Publications
ASTM A 480 General Requirements for Flat Rolled Stainless and Heat Resisting Steels in Form of Plate, Sheet and Strip
ASTM E 8 Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
ASTM E 120 Titanium and Titanium-Base Alloys, Chemical Analysis of Semi-Guided
ASTM E 290 Bend Test for Ductility of Metallic Materials

Titanium & Titanium Alloys ASTM Specifications

ASTM-F136-98e1 Wrought Titanium-6 Aluminum-4 Vanadium ELI (Extra Low Interstitial) Alloy (UNSR56401) for Surgical Implant Applications
ASTM-F67-00 Unalloyed Titanium for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R50250, UNS R50400, UNS R50550, UNS R50700)
ASTM-F1108-97a Ti6AL4V Alloy Castings for Surgical Implants (UNS R56406)
ASTM-F-620-00 Alpha Plus Beta Titanium Alloy Forgings for Surgical Implants
ASTM-F1472-99 Wrought Titanium-6 Aluminum-4 Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R56400)
ASTM-F1341-99 Unalloyed Titanium Wire UNS R50250, UNS R50400, UNS R50550, UNS R50700, for Surgical Implant Applications
ASTM-F1295-97a Wrought Titanium-6 Aluminum-7 Niobium Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R56700)
ASTM B265-99 Titanium and Titanium Alloy Strip, Sheet, and Plate
ASTM-B299-99 Titanium Sponge
ASTM-B338-99 Seamless and Welded Titanium &Titanium Alloy Tubes for Condensers & Heat Exchangers
ASTM-B348-00 Titanium and Titanium Alloy Bars and Billets
ASTM-B363-00 Seamless and Welded Unalloyed Titanium & Titanium Alloy Welding Fittings
ASTM-B367-93 (1998) Titanium and Titanium Alloy Castings
ASTM-B381-00 Titanium and Titanium Alloy Forgings
ASTM-B600-91 (1997)e1 Standard Guide for Descaling and Cleaning Titanium & Titanium Alloy Surfaces
ASTM-B861-00 Titanium and Titanium Alloy Seamless Pipe
ASTM-B862-99 Titanium and Titanium Alloy Welded Pipe
ASTM-B863-99a Titanium and Titanium Alloy Wire

 

AMS Properties
4900L Sheet, Strip and Plate, C.P., Annealed, 55.0 ksi (379 MPa) Yield Strength
4901M Sheet, Strip, and Plate, C.P. Annealed, 70.0 ksi (485MPa)
4902G Sheet, Strip, and Plate, C.P. Annealed, 40.0 ksi (276 MPa) Yield Strength
4905B Damage-Tolerant Grade Plate 6AL – 4V, Beta, Annealed
4907F Sheet, Strip, and Plate 6AL-4V, Extra Low Interstitial Annealed
4908F Sheet and Strip, 8Mn, Annealed, 110,000 psi (760 MPa) Yield Strength
4909F Sheet, Strip, and Plate 5AL -2.5Sn, Extra Low Interstitial, Annealed
4910K Sheet, Strip and Plate 5AL – 2.5Sn Annealed
4911H Sheet, Strip, and Plate, 6AL – 4V, Annealed
4914A Cold Rolled Sheet and Strip, 15V - 3AL – 3Cr – 3Sn Solution Heat Treated
4915G Sheet, Strip, and Plate, 8AL – 1V – 1Mo, Single Annealed
4916F Sheet, Strip, and Plate, 8AL – 1Mo – 1V, Duplex Annealed
4917E Sheet, Strip, and Plate, 13.5V – 11Cr – 3.0AL, Solution Heat Treated
4918H Sheet, Strip, and Plate, 6AL – 6V- 2Sn Annealed
4919C Sheet, Strip, and Plate, 6AL– 2Sn – 4Zr – 2M0 – 0.08Si, Duplex Annealed
4920B Forgings, 6AL – 4V, Alpha-Beta or Beta Processed, Annealed
4921G Wire, Forgings, and Rings C.P. 70.0 ksi (438 MPa) Yield Strength
4924D Bars, Forgings, and Rings 5AL – 2.5Sn, Extra Low Interstitial, Annealed
4926J Bars, Wire, and Rings, 5AL – 2.5Sn Annealed, 110 ksi (758 MPa) Yield Strength
4928Q Bars, Wire, Forgings, Rings, and Drawn Shapes 6AL – 4V Annealed
4930E Bars, Wire, Forgings, and Rings, 6AL – 4V, Extra Low Interstitial Annealed
4931A Bars, Forgings, & Rings 6AL – 4V Extra Low Interstitial (ELI) Duplex Annealed, Fracture Toughness
4933B Extrusions and Flash Welded Rings, 8AL – 1Mo – 1V, Solution Heat Treated & Stabilized
4934C Extrusions and Flash Welded Rings 6AL – 4V Solution Heat Treated and Aged
4935F Extrusions and Flash Welded Rings, 6AL – 4V, Annealed, Beta Processed
4936D Extrusions and Flash Welded Rings, 6AL – 6V – 2Sn, Beta Extruded Plus Annealed, Heat Treatable
4937A Extrusions and Flash Welded Rings 6AL –6V – 2Sn Beta Extruded Plus Annealed, Heat Treatable
4941C Tubing, Welded, Annealed, 40,000 psi (275 MPa) Yield Strength
4942D Tubing, Seamless, Annealed, 40,000 psi (275 MPa) Yield Strength
4943F Hydraulic, Seamless Tubing 3.0AL – 2.5V Annealed
4944F Seamless, Hydraulic Tubing 3.0AL – 2.5V Cold Worked, Stress Relieved
4945B Tubing, Seamless, Hydraulic, 3AL – 2.5V, Texture Controlled, 105 ksi (724 Mpa)Yield Strength Cold Worked, Stress Relieved
4950 Bars, Wire, Forgings, and Rings 6.0AL – 4.0V Solution Heat Treated & Aged Modified Strength
4951F Welding Wire, C.P. Environment Controlled Packaging
4952A Welding Wire, 6AL – 2Sn – 4Zr – 2Mo
4953C Welding Wire. 5AL – 2.5Sn
4954F Welding Wire, 6AL – 4V
4955D Welding Wire, 8AL – 1Mo – 1V
4956C Welding Wire, 6AL – 4V, Extra Low Interstitial, Environment Controlled Packaging
4957B Round Bar and Wire, 3AL – 8V – 6Cr – 4Mo – 4Zr, Consumable Electrode Melted, Solution Heat Treated & Cold Drawn
4958A Bars and Rods, 3AL – 8V – 6Cr – 4Mo – 4Zr, Consumable Electrode Melted, Solution Heat Treated & Centerless Ground
4959C Wire, 13.5V – 11Cr – 3AL, Spring Temper
4963 Bars, Wire, Forgings, and Rings 6AL – 4V Annealed, Heat Treatable, Modified Strength
4965G Bars, Wire, Forgings, and Rings 6AL – 4V Solution Heat Treated & Aged
4966L Forgings 5AL – 2.5Sn Annealed, 110 ksi (758 MPa) Yield Strength
4967H Bars, Wire, Forgings, and Rings 6AL – 4V, Annealed, Heat Treatable
4970F Bars, Wire, and Forgings 7AL – 4Mo, Solution & Precipitation Heat Treated
4971E Bars, Wire, Forgings, and Rings 6AL – 6V – 2Sn Annealed, Heat Treatable
4972D Bars, Wire, and Rings, 8AL – 1Mo – 1V, Solution Heat Treated & Stabilized
4973D Forgings, 8AL – 1Mo – 1V, Solution Heat Treated & Stabilized
4974C Bars, and Forgings, 11Sn – 5.0Zr – 2.3AL – 1.0Mo – 0.21Si, Solution & Precipitation Heat Treated
4975G Bars, Wire, & Rings, 6.0AL – 2.0Sn – 4.0Zr – 2.oMo – 0.08Si, Solution & Precipitation Heat Treated
4976E Forgings, 6AL – 2Sn – 4Zr – 2Mo, Solution & Precipitation Heat Treated
4978C Bars, Wire, Forgings, and Rings, 6AL – 6V – 2Sn, Annealed
4979D Bars, Wire, Forgings, and Rings 6AL - 6V – 2Sn Solution & Precipitation Heat Treated
4981C Bars, Wire, and Forgings, 6AL– 2Sn – 4Zr – 6Mo, Solution & Precipitation Heat Treated

Military Specifications
Titanium and Titanium Alloy (Sheet-Strip-Plate)

MIL-T-9046H MIL-T-9046J AMENDMENT-2 (1991)
Type I Commercially Pure Titanium (CP)
  Code Designation
  Comp A - Unalloyed (40 KSI-YS)
  Comp B - Unalloyed (70 KSI-YS)
  Comp C - Unalloyed (55 KSI-YS)
     
Type II Alpha Titanium Alloy
  Code Composition
  Comp A 5AL-2.5Sn
  Comp B 5AL-2.5Sn ELI
  Comp F 8AL-1Mo-1V
  Comp G 6AL-2CG-1Ta-0.8Mo
Type III Alpha-Beta Titanium Alloy
  Code Composition
  Comp C 6AL-4V
  Comp D 6AL-4V ELI
  Comp E 6AL-6V-2Sn
  Comp G 6AL-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo
  Comp H 6AL-4V SPL
     
Type IV Beta Titanium Alloys
  Code Composition
  Comp A 13V-11Cr-3AL
  Comp B 11.5Mo-6Zr-4.5Sn
  Comp C 3AL-8V-6Cr-4Mp 4Zr
  Comp D 8Mo-8V-2Fe-3AL

 

Commercially Pure Titanium (CP)
Code Designation
CP-3 (40 KSI-YS)
CP-1 (70 KSI-YS)
CP-2 (55 KSI-YS)
CP-4 (30 KSI-YS)
Alpha Titanium Alloys (A)
Code Composition
A-1 5AL-2.5Sn
A-2 5AL-2.5Sn (ELI)
A-3 6AL-2Cb-1Ta-0.8Mo
A-4 8AL-1Mo-1V
Alpha-Beta Titanium Alloy (AB)
Code Composition
AB-1 6AL-4V
AB-2 6AL-4V (ELI)
AB-3 6AL-6V-2Sn
AB-4 6AL-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo
AB-5 3AL-2.5V
AB-6 8Mn
Beta Titanium Alloys (B)
Code Composition
B-1 13V-11Cr-3AL
B-2 11.5Mo-6Zr-4.5Sn
B-3 3AL-8V-6Cr-4Mo-4Zr
B-4 8Mo-8V-2Fe-3AL

Titanium Hardness Conversion Table

Brinell Rockwell Rockwell Approximate Tensile Brinell Rockwell Approximate Tensile
Hardness B Scale C Scale Lbs. psi Hardness B Scale lbs. psi.
653 - 62 324,000 217 95 103,000
627 - 60 311,000 212 96 103,000
601 - 68 306,000 207 95 101,000
578 - 57 290,000 202 94 98,000
555 - 56 284,000 197 93 96,000
534 - 54 270,000 192 92 93,000
514 - 53 263,000 187 91 91,000
495 - 51 250,000 183 90 89,000
477 - 50 243,000 179 89 87,000
461 - 49 236,000 174 88 85,000
444 - 47 223,000 170 87 83,000
429 - 47 217,000 166 86 81,000
415 - 45 211,000 163 85 80,000
401 - 42 194,000 159 84 78,000
388 - 41 188,000 156 83 77,000
375 - 40 182,000 153 82 76,000
363 - 38 171,000 149 81 75,000
352 - 37 166,000 146 80 74,000
331 - 36 162,000 143 79 73,000
321 - 34 153,000 140 78 71,000
311 - 33 148,000 137 77 70,000
302 - 32 144,000 134 76 69,000
293 - 31 140,000 131 74 67,000
285 - 30 136,000 128 73 66,000
277 - 29 132,000 126 72 65,000
269 - 28 129,000 124 71 63,000
262 - 27 126,000 121 70 62,000
255 - 25 120,000 118 69 61,000
248 - 24 117,000 116 68 60,000
241 100 23 115,000 114 67 59,000
235 99 22 112,000 112 66 58,000
229 98 21 110,000 109 65 57,000
223 97 20 108,000 107 64 55,000

Titanium Gauge Conversion

Gauge Numbers US Standards Gauge Numbers US Standards
0 0.312 16 0.0625
1 0.281 17 0.0562
2 0.266 18 0.05
3 0.25 19 0.0438
4 0.234 20 0.0375
5 0.219 21 0.0344
6 0.203 22 0.0312
7 0.188 23 0.0281
8 0.172 24 0.025
9 0.156 25 0.0219
10 0.141 26 0.0188
11 0.125 27 0.0172
12 0.109 28 0.0156
13 0.0938 29 0.0141
14 0.0781 30 0.0125
15 0.0703  

Titanium MIL-T Specifications:Bar & Reforge Stock

Other Specification:
MIL-H-81200 Rev. B(1991) Heat Treatment of Titanium & Titanium alloys
MIL-T-81556A Extruded Bars & Shapes, Titanium & Titanium alloys
MIL-I-8950 Ultrasonic Inspections
AMS-STD 2154(1982) Ultrasonic Inspections
AMS 2241 Rev. L(1996) Tolerances, Titanium & Titanium alloy bars & wire
AMS 2242 Rev. E(1995) Tolerances, Titanium sheet & plate
AMS 2244 Rev. B(1994) Tolerances, Titanium tubing
AMS 2245 Rev. A(1994) Tolerances, Titanium extruded bar
AMS 2249 Rev. D(1992) Chemical Check Analysis Limits, Titanium & Titanium alloys
AMS 2631 Rev. B(1995) Ultrasonic Inspections
AMS 2801 Rev. A(1994) Tolerances, Titanium heat treatment specifications
AMS 2809(1994) Identification Requirements

Tech Properties of Titanium & Titanium Alloys

GRADE Yield Strength min Ultimate Tensile Strength min Elongation min.
REF NO. KSI Mpa KSI Mpa %
Grade 1 25 170 35 240 24
Grade 2 40 275 50 345 20
Grade 3 55 380 65 450 18
Grade 4 70 485 80 550 15
Ti 2% Pd (Gr.7) 40 275 50 345 20
Grade 12 50 345 70 483 18
Ti-6AL-4V 120 830 130 895 10
Ti-4AL-4Mo-1.5Sn 125 850 170 1160 10
Ti-10-2-3 160 1100 180 1250 8
Ti-15-3 160 1100 185 1280 10
Ti-6-2-4-2 120 830 160 1100 10
Ti-6-2-4-6 140 970 190 1300 10

Length

ENGLISH TO METRIC (SI)   METRIC (SI) TO ENGLISH  
1 inch (in) 25.4 mm 1 Millimeter (mm) 0.03937 in
2.54 cm 0.003281 ft
0.0254 m 0.001094 yd
1 Foot (ft) 304.800 mm 1 Centimeter (cm) 0.3937 in
30.480 cm 0.03281 ft
0.3048 m 0.01094 yd
1 Yard (yd) 91.4402 cm 1 Meter (m) 39.37 in
0.9144 m 3.2808 ft
0.000914 km 1.0936 yd
  0.0005214 mi
1 Mile (mi) 1609.344 m 1 Kilometer (km) 3280.833 ft
1.6093 km 1093.611 yd
  0.6214 mi

AREA

ENGLISH TO 
METRIC (SI)
  METRIC (SI) TO
ENGLISH
 
1 Cir Mil 0.0005067 sq mm 1 sq mm 1,973.55 cir mils
  0.001550 sq in
  0.00010764 sq ft
  0.000001196 sq yd
1 sq inch (in) 645.163 sq mm 1 sq cm 0.1550 sq in
6.4516 sq cm 0.001076 sq ft
0.0006452 sq m 0.000,1196 sq yd
1 sq foot (ft) 92,903.41 sq mm 1 sq m 1,549.9969 sq in
929.0341 sq.cm 10.7639 sq ft
0.0929 sq m 1.1960 sq yd
0.000929 sq km 0.0003861 sq mi
1 sq Yard (yd) 836,130.74 sq mm 1 sq km 10,763,867.36 sq ft
8,361.307 sq cm 1,195,985.26 sq yd
0.83613 sq m 0.3861 sq mi
0.000836 sq km  
1 sq Mile (mi) 2,589,998 sq m  
2.590 sq km

 

Properties of Titanium & Titanium Alloys

Atomic Number 22
Heat of Vaporization 9.83MJ/kg
Atomic Weight 47.9
Machinability Rating 40
Atomic Volume 10.6W/D
Magnetic Susceptibility 1.25x10-6 / 3.17 emu/g
Boiling Point 3260 °C/5900 °F
Melting Point 1668°C + 10°C (3035°F + 18°F)
Coefficient of friction 0.8 at 40 m/min (125 ft/min) / 0.68 at 300 m/min (1000 ft/min)
Modulus of Elasticity 14.9 x 106psi
Coefficient of thermal expansion 22
Atomic Number 8.64 x 10-6°C
Poisson's Ratio 0.41
Color Dark Grey
Solidus/Liquidus 1725°C/ (3137°F)
Covalent Radius 1.32 A
Specific Gravity 4.5
Density 4.51 gm/cm3 (0.163 lb/in3)
Specific Heat (at 25oC) 0.518 J/kg °K, (0.124 BTU/lb °F)
Electrical Conductivity 3% IACS (copper 100%)
Specific resistance 554 µohm-cm
Electrical Resistivity 47.8 µohm-cm
Tensile Strength 35 ksi min
Electronegativity 1.5 Pauling's
Thermo-Conductivity 9.0 BTU/hr ft2°F
First Ionization Energy 158 k-cal/g-mole
Thermal Neutron Absorption Cross Section 5.6 barnes/atom
Hardness HRB 70 to 74
Young's Modulus of Elasticity 116 x 106 lbf/in2, 102.7 GPA
Heat of Fusion 440 kJ/kg (est.)

Titanium Melting Point

Melting point 1670°C, 3038°F, 1943 K 
Boiling point 3287°C, 5949°F, 3560 K 
Density (g cm−3) 4.506 

Copper

Copper Composition

Copper properties

BS EN NUMBER TITLE NEAREST OLD BS EQUIVALENT
Copper Tubes
1057 Seamless, round tubes for water and gas in sanitary and heating applications 2871 Pt1
12449 Seamless, round tubes for general purposes 2871 Pt2
12450 Seamless, round capillary tubes  
12451 Seamless, round tubes for heat exchangers 2871 Pt3
12452 Rolled, finned, seamless tubes for heat exchangers -
12735 Seamless, round tubes for air conditioning and refrigeration Part 1: Tubes for piping systems - Part 2: Tubes for equipment -
13348 Seamless, round copper tubes for medical gases -
13349 Pre-insulated copper tubes with solid covering -
13600 Seamless copper tubes for electrical purposes 1977

Copper Equivalent

Equivalents to grade CuZn20Al2

    Country   -   Germany         Standard   -   DIN 17660     Grade   -   CuZn20Al2 

Physical Properties

The physical properties of UNS C10100 copper are given in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 8.89 - 8.94 g/cm3 0.321 - 0.323 lb/in3
Melting point 1083°C 1981°F

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of UNS C10100 copper are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Hardness, Vickers (½ hard) 75.0 - 90.0 75.0 - 90.0
Hardness, Vickers (full hard) 90.0 - 105 90.0 - 105
Tensile strength, ultimate (varies with heat treatment) 221 - 455 MPa 32100 - 66000 psi
Tensile strength, yield (varies widely with heat treatment) 69.0 - 365 MPa 10000 - 52900 psi
Elongation at break (in 101.6 mm (4 in.)) 55.00% 55.00%
Modulus of elasticity 115 GPa 16700 ksi
Poissons ratio 0.310 0.310
Machinability (UNS C36000 (free-cutting brass) = 100%) 20% 20%
Shear modulus 44.0 GPa 6380 ksi

Properties

A summary of the properties from the annealed (soft) to the hard condition is shown.

  • Tensile strength: 220-385 N/mm2
  • Proof strength: 60-325 N/mm2
  • % Elongation: 55-4
  • Hardness (HV): 45-155
  • Electrical conductivity: 100-101.5% IACS
  • Thermal conductivity: 394 W/moC

Fabrication

Process Rating
Cold formability Excellent
Hot formability Good
Soldering Excellent
Brazing Good
Oxyacetylene welding Not recommended
Gas shield arc welding Fair
Resistance welding Good
Chemical Composition

The chemical composition of EC Grade Copper Flat s is outlined in the following table.

MATERIAL NORMAL COMPOSITION NEAREST RELEVANT COMPOSTION SPECIFICATION
    BS : 2870 ISO JIS
Electrolytic Tough Pitch H.C. Copper 99.90% MIN. Cu C 101 Cu ETP 1337 H 3100 C 1200
Phosphorous Deoxidized Copper(DONA) 99.85% Min. Cu P-0.013-0.05 C106 Cu DHP 1337 H 3100 C 1220

Beryllium Copper Physical & Chemical Properties

Beryllium Copper Physical Properties 25 C17200

 

     Yield Strength  

108 cycles

ksi

Hardness     
Temper Heat Treatment  Tensile Strength ksi  0.2% offset ksi  Elongation %

Fatigue Strength

Diamond Pyramid  Rockwell B or C Rockwell Superficial Electrical Conductivity % IACS 
A Dead Soft (TB00) -- 60-76 28-36 35-65 30-35 90-144 B45-78 30T46-67 15-19
A Planished (TB00) -- 60-78 30-55 35-60 30-35 90-144  B45-78  30T46-67 15-19
1/4 H (TD01) -- 75-88 60-80 20-45 31-36 121-185  B68-90  30T62-75 15-19 
1/2 H(TD02) -- 85-100 75-95 12-30 32-38 176-216  B88-96  30T74-79 15-19
H (TD04) -- 100-120 90-115 2-18 35-39 216-287  B96-102  30T79-83 15-19
AT (TF00) 3 hr. at 600 °F 165-195 140-175 3-15 40-45 353-413 C36-42  30N56-62 22-28
1/4 HT (TH01)  2 hr. at 600 °F 175-205 150-185 3-10 40-45 353-424  C36-43  30N56-63 22-28
1/2 HT (TH02) 2 hr. at 600 °F 185-215 160-195 1-8  42-47 373-435  C38-44 30N58-63  22-28
HT (TH04) 2 hr. at 600 °F 190-220 165-205 1-6  45-50 373-446   C38-45  30N58-65 22-28


Beryllium Copper Physical Properties 190 C17200

 

     Yield Strength  

108 Cycles

ksi

 
Hardness     
Temper Heat Treatment  Tensile Strength ksi  0.2% offset ksi  Elongation %

Fatigue Strength 

Diamond Pyramid  Rockwell B or C Rockwell Superficial Electrical Conductivity % IACS 
AM (TM00) Mill Hardened 100-110 70-95 16-30 40-45 210-251 B95-C23 30N37-44 17-28
1/4 HM (TM01) Mill Hardened 110-120 80-110 15-25 41-47 230-271 C20-26 30N41-47 17-28
1/2 HM (TM02) Mill Hardened 120-135 95-125 12-22 42-48 250-301 C23-30 30N44-51 17-28
HM (TM04) Mill Hardened 135-150 110-135 9-20 45-52 285-343 C28-35 30N48-55 17-28
SHM (TM05) Mill Hardened 150-160 125-140 9-18 47-55 309-363 C31-37 30N52-56 17-28
XHM (TM06) Mill Hardened 155-175 135-170 4-15 50-57 317-378 C32-38 30N52-58 17-28
XHMS (TM08) Mill Hardened 175-190 150-180 3-12 50-60 325-413 C33-42 30N53-62 17-28


Beryllium Copper Physical Properties 290 C17200

 

     Yield Strength  

10Cycles

ksi

Hardness     
Temper Heat Treatment  Tensile Strength ksi  0.2% offset ksi  Elongation %

Fatigue Strength 

Diamond Pyramid  Rockwell B or C Rockwell Superficial Electrical Conductivity % IACS 
TM00 Mill Hardened 100 min 75-95  19-35  40-45  225-309  B98-C31  30T81-30N52  17-26
TM02 Mill Hardened  120 min  95-115  14-30  42-48  255-339  C25-34  30N46-54  17-26
TM04 Mill Hardened  140 min  115-135  9-25  44-50  285-369  C28-38  30N48-58  17-26
TM06 Mill Hardened  155 min  135-155  6-13  47-57  317-393 C32-40   30N52-60  17-26
TM08 Mill Hardened  175 min  155-175  3-15  50-60  345-429  C35-43  30N55-62  17-26


Beryllium Copper Physical Properties 174 C17410

 

     Yield Strength  

108 Cycles

ksi

Hardness     
Temper Heat Treatment  Tensile Strength ksi  0.2% offset ksi  Elongation % Fatigue Strength  Diamond Pyramid  Rockwell B or C Rockwell Superficial Electrical Conductivity % IACS 
1/2 HT (TH02)  Mill Hardened 95-115   80-100  10-20  40-45 180-230   B89-98  30T75-81.9  50 min
 HT (TH04)  Mill Hardened  110-130  100-120  7-17  40-45  210-278  B95-102  30T79-30N48  45-60


Beryllium Copper Physical Properties 3 C17510

 

     Yield Strength  

108 Cycles

ksi

Hardness     
Temper Heat Treatment  Tensile Strength ksi  0.2% offset ksi  Elongation %

Fatigue Strength 

Diamond Pyramid  Rockwell B or C Rockwell Superficial Electrical Conductivity % IACS 
A (TB00) - 35-55 20-45 20-40 20-30 65-125 B20-45 30T28-45 20-30
H (TD04) - 70-85 55-80 2-10 25-35 144-176 B78-88 30T69-75 20-30
 AT (TF00)  Mill Hardened  100-130  80-100  10-25  38-44  195-275  B92-100  30T77-82 45-60
 HT (TH04)  Mill Hardened  110-135  95-120  8-20  42-47  216-287  B95-102  30T79-83  48-60


Beryllium Copper Physical Properties Brush 60 C17460

 

     Yield Strength  

108 Cycles

ksi

Hardness     
Temper Heat Treatment  Tensile Strength ksi  0.2% offset ksi  Elongation %

Fatigue Strength 

Diamond Pyramid  Rockwell B or C Rockwell Superficial Electrical Conductivity % IACS 
3/4 HT (TH03)  Mill Hardened  115-135  95-115  11min  46-47        50min
 HT (TH04)  Mill Hardened  120-140  105-125  10min  42-45        50min

Chemical Composition

The chemical composition of copper-tellurium master alloy is outlined in the following table.

Element Content (%)
Copper, Cu 49-51
Tellurium, Te 49-51

Compositions of Common Brass Alloys 

UNS No.

AS No.

Common Name

BSI No.

ISO No.

JIS No.

Copper %

Zinc %

Lead %

Other

C21000 210 95/5 Gilding metal - CuZn5 C2100 94–96 ~5   -
C22000 220 90/10 Gilding metal CZ101 CuZn10 C2200 89–91 ~10   -
C23000 230 85/15 Gilding metal Cz103 CuZn20 C2300 84–86 ~15   -
C24000 240 80/20 Gilding metal Cz103 CuZn20 C2400 78.5–81.5 ~20   -
C26130 259 70/30 Arsenical brass Cz126 CuZn30As C4430 69–71 ~30   Arsenic
0.02–0.06
C26000 260 70/30 Brass Cz106 CuZn30 C2600 68.5–71.5 ~30   -
C26800 268 Yellow brass (65/35) Cz107 CuZn33 C2680 64–68.5 ~33   -
C27000 270 65/35 Wire brass Cz107 CuZn35 - 63–68.5 ~35   -
C27200 272 63/37 Common brass Cz108 CuZn37 C2720 62–65 ~37   -
C35600 356 Engraving brass,
2% lead
- CuZn39Pb2 C3560 59–64.5 ~39 2.0–3.0 -
C37000 370 Engraving brass,
1% lead
- CuZn39Pb1 C3710 59–62 ~39 0.9–1.4 -
C38000 380 Section brass Cz121 CuZn43Pb3 - 55–60 ~43 1.5–3.0 Aluminum 0.1-0.6
C38500 385 Free cutting brass Cz121 CuZn39Pb3 - 56–60 ~39 2.5–4.5 -

Aluminium Bronze

Chemical Composition
Cu% Sn% Pb% Zn% Fe% Ni% Sb% P% S% AI% Mn% Si%
83.00 Min N/A N/A N/A 3.00-
5.00
1.5 N/A N/A N/A 10.00-
11.50
0.50 N/A

Phospher Bronze

Phosphor Bronze Chemical Specifications

ASTM B103

Alloy 510

UNS Number C51000

    Tensile Strength

Rockwell B Scale 

(reference only)

 Superficial

(30-T Scale)

 ASTM Specification  Temper min-max psi  min-max  min-max 
Annealed Annealed 43-58  12-64 24-59
H02 1/2 Hard 58-73 60-85 53-73
H04 Hard Tempered 76-91 84-93 71-78
H06 Extra Hard 88-103 89-96 74-81
H08 Spring Temper 95-110 92-98 76-82
H10 Extra Spring 100-114 94-99 77-83




Phosphor Bronze Chemical Composition %
ASTM A666
Alloy
UNS Designation
Tin Phosphorus  Iron, max  Lead, max   Zinc, max Copper 
510 C51000 4.2-5.8  .030-.35 0.10 0.05 0.30 remainder

Tin Bronze

Chemical Composition

Cu%1 Pb% Sn% Zn% Fe% P%2 Ni%3 Al% S% Sb% Si%
 
88.00-
90.00
 
0.50
10.00-
12.00
 
0.50
 
0.15
 
0.30
 
0.50
 
0.005
 
0.05
 
0.20
 
0.005

Machinability

Alloy Machinability Rating Density (lb/in3 at 68 °F)
C90700 20 0.317

Mechanical Properties

 
Tensile Strength, min Yield Strength, at 0.5% Extension Under Load, min Elongation, in 2 in. or 50 mm min Brinell Hardness (500 kg load) Remarks
ksi MPa ksi MPa % typical BHN  
40 276 25 172 10 102  

Physical Properties

 
  US Customary Metric
Melting Point - Liquidus 1830 °F 999 °C
Melting Point - Solidus 1528 °F 831 °C
Density 0.317 lb/in3 at 68 °F 8.77 gm/cm3 at 20 °C
Specific Gravity 8.77 8.77
Electrical Conductivity 10% IACS at 68 °F 0.056 MegaSiemens/cm at 20 °C
Thermal Conductivity 40.8 Btu/sq ft/ft hr/°F at 68 °F 70.6 W/m at 20 °C
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-392 10.2 · 10-6 per °F (68-392 °F) 18.4 · 10-6 per °C (20-200 °C)
Specific Heat Capacity 0.09 Btu/lb/°F at 68 °F 377.1 J/kg at 293 °C
Modulus of Elasticity in Tension 15000 ksi 103400 MPa
Magnetic Permeability 1 1

Gun Metal

Copper 88% 
Tin 10% 
Zinc 2% 

COPPER NICKEL

Copper Nickel 90/10 Composition

Fabrication Properties

Joining Technique

Suitability

Soldering

Excellent

Brazing

Excellent

Oxyacetylene Welding

Fair

Gas Shielded Arc Welding

Excellent

Coated Metal Arc Welding

Good

Spot Weld

Good

Seam Weld

Good

Butt Weld

Excellent

Capacity for Being Cold Worked

Good

Capacity for Being Hot Formed

Good

Machinability Rating

20

 

Chemical Composition
(%max., unless shown as range or min.)
 

Cu(1)

Fe

Pb

Mn

Ni(2)

Zn

Min./Max.

Rem.

1.0-1.8

.05

1.0

9.0-11.0

1.0

Nominal

88.6

1.4

-

-

10.0

-

C70600 Copper Nickel Specifications

End Product Specification
90/10 Copper Nickel Bar ASTM B151, B122, MILITARY MIL-C-15726
90/10 Copper Nickel Pipe, Seamless ASME SB466, ASTM B466
90/10 Copper Nickel Pipe, Welded ASME SB467, ASTM B608, B467
90/10 Copper Nickel Plate ASTM B122, MILITARY MIL-C-15726
90/10 Copper Nickel Plate, Clad ASTM B432
90/10 Copper Nickel Plate, Condenser Tube ASME SB171, ASTM B171, SAE J463, J461
90/10 Copper Nickel Rod ASTM B151, MILITARY MIL-C-15726
90/10 Copper Nickel Rod, Welding AWS A5.15
90/10 Copper Nickel Sheet ASTM B122, MILITARY MIL-C-15726, SAE J463, J461
90/10 Copper Nickel Strip ASTM B122, MILITARY MIL-C-15726
90/10 Copper Nickel Tube, Condenser ASME SB111, ASTM B552, B111, MILITARY MIL-T-15005, SAE J463, J461

Copper Nickel 90/10 Equivalent

STANDARD UNS WERKSTOFF NR.
Cupro Nickel 90/10 C70600 2.0872

Copper Nickel 70/30 properties

C71500

Fabrication Properties

Joining Technique

Suitability

Soldering

Excellent

Brazing

Excellent

Oxyacetylene Welding

Good

Gas Shielded Arc Welding

Excellent

Coated Metal Arc Welding

Excellent

Spot Weld

Excellent

Seam Weld

Excellent

Butt Weld

Excellent

Capacity for Being Cold Worked

Good

Capacity for Being Hot Formed

Good

Machinability Rating

20

ASTM Standard Designation for C71500: ASTM B111
ASME Standard Designation for C71500: ASME SB111

Chemical Composition
(%max., unless shown as range or min.)
 

Cu(1)

Fe

Pb

Mn

Ni(2)

Zn

Min./Max.

Rem.

.40-1.0

.05

1.0

29.0-33.0

1.0

Nominal

69.5

.50

-

-

30.0

-

Copper Nickel 70/30 Equivalent

STANDARD UNS WERKSTOFF NR.
Cupro Nickel 70/30 C71500 2.0882

NIMONIC

Nimonic 75 Composition

Nimonic 75 Chemical Composition :

Grade Ni Cr Fe P Cu Al Ti C Mn Si  
Nimonic 75 Bal. 19-22 Max 1.0 Max 0.015 Max 0.2 Max 0.15 0.15-0.35 Max 0.12 Max 0.70 Max 0.80 Max 0.02

Nimonic 75 Mechanical Properties:

Grade
Nimonic 75
Tensile strength(annealed) Yield strength(annealed) Elongation at Break Modulus of Elasticity
Metric 750 MPa 275 MPa 42% 206 GPa
Imperial 109 ksi 40 ksi 42% 29878 ksi

Nimonic 75 Physical Properties:

Grade Density Melting Point
Nimonic 75 8.4 g/cm3 1374°C-1420 °C

Nimonic 75 Melting Point

1374°C-1420 °C

Nimonic 75 Equivalent

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS
Nimonic 75 2.4951 N06075

Nimonic 81 Composition

Nimonic 81 Specification

mechanical properties

The mechanical property of Nimonic 81 is as follows

Material

Ultimate Tensile Strength (MPA)

0.2 % Yield Strength (MPA)

% Elongation in 2"

Nimonic 81

874

565

14

Nimonic® 81 Chemical Composition

Element Content (%)
Nickel, Ni 63
Chromium, Cr ≤30
Cobalt, Co ≤2
Titanium, Ti 1.8
Iron, Fe ≤1.0
Aluminum, Al 0.9
Others Remainder

Nimonic® 81 Physical Properties

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 8.06 gm/cm3 0.291 lb/in3

Nimonic 86 Composition

Nimonic 86 Specification

Chemical Composition

Element Content (%)
Nickel, Ni 65
Chromium, Cr 25
Molybdenum, Mo 10
Carbon, C 0.050
Cerium, Ce 0.030

Nimonic 86 Physical Properties

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 8.54 g/cm³ 0.309 lb/in³
Melting point 1357°C 2475°F

Nimonic 86 Mechanical Properties

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength (solution annealed, value at room temperature) 825 MPa 120000 psi
Yield strength (solution annealed, value at room temperature, @strain 0.200%) 410 MPa 59500 psi
Elastic modulus 210 GPa 30500 ksi
Elongation at break (solution annealed) 42% 42%

Nimonic 86 Thermal Properties

Properties Metric Imperial
Thermal expansion co-efficient (@20-100°C/68-212°F) 12.7 µm/m°C 7.06 µin/in°F

Nimonic 80/80A Composition

Nimonic 80/80A Specification

mechanical properties

Nimonic 80 Equivalent Grades

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS
Nimonic 80 2.4952 N07080

Nimonic 80 Chemical Composition :

Grade Al B C Cr Co Cu Fe Mn Ni P Si S
Nimonic 80 1 - 1.8 0.008 max 0.1 max 18 - 21 0.2 max 0.2 max 3 max 1 max Balance 0.045 max 1 max 0.015 max

ASTM B463 Nimonic 80 Mechanical Properties:

Grade
Condition Ultimate Tensile Strength MPA Yield Strength MPA Elongation on 4D (min) Hardness min
Nimonic 80 Solution Annealed & Precipatation Treated (aged) 994 616 20 300 HV

Nimonic 80 Physical Properties:

Grade Density (lb / cu. in.) Specific Gravity Specific Heat (Btu/lb/Deg F - [32-212 Deg F]) Electrical Resistivity (microhm-cm (at 68 Deg F) Melting Point (Deg F) Thermal Conductivity Mean Coeff Thermal Expansion Magnetic Permeability Modulus of Elasticity Tension
Nimonic 80 0.295 8.19 0.11 746 2450 77 7 1 30

Nimonic 90 Composition

Nimonic 90 Specification

Equivalent Grades

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS
Nimonic 90 2.4632 N07090

Nimonic 90 Chemical Composition :

Grade Ni Cr Co Ti Al C Si Cu Fe Mn B S Zr Pb
Nimonic 90 Bal 18-21 15-21 2-3 1-2 0.2 max 1.0 max 0.2 max 1.5 max 1.0 max 0.02 max 0.015 max 0.15 max 0.0020 max

ASTM B463 Nimonic 90 Mechanical Properties:

Grade
Material
Sheet
Temperature °C Yield Strength 0.2 % (MPa) Tensile Strength (MPa) Elongation (%) Hardness HV
Nimonic 90 Nimonic 90 sheet
Solution Treated (BS HR202)
RT - - - 250 max
Nimonic 90 sheet
Precipitation Treated
(BS HR 202)
RT 695 min 1080 min 25 min
(0.45mm-3.0mm)
280 min
Nimonic 90 sheet
Precipitation Treated
(BS HR202)
500 740 (typical) 995 (typical) 30 -
Alloy 90 Cold Rolled Sheet
(Heat Treated)
- - - - -

Nimonic 90 Physical Properties:

Grade Density Specific Gravity Specific Heat (Btu/lb/Deg F - [32-212 Deg F]) Electrical Resistivity (microhm-cm (at 68 Deg F) Melting Point (Deg F)
Nimonic 90 8.18g/cm³ 1370°C 12.7 μm/m °C (20 - 100°C) 82.5 kN/mm² 213 kN/mm²
227 / 240 kN/mm²
0.296 lb/in³ 2500°F 7.1 x 10-6 in/in °F (70 - 212°F) 11966 ksi 30894 ksi
32924 / 34810 ksi

Nimonic 105 Composition

Nimonic 105 Specification

Chemical Composition

Element Content (%)
Nickel, Ni 51
Cobalt, Co 18-22
Chromium, Cr 14-15.7
Molybdenum, Mo 4.50-5.50
Aluminum, Al 4.50-4.90
Iron, Fe  1
Manganese, Mn  1
Silicon, Si  1
Titanium, Ti 0.90-1.50
Copper, Cu 0.20
Zirconium, Zr  0.15
Carbon, C  0.12
Sulfur, S  0.010
Boron, B 0.0030-0.010

Nimonic® 105 Physical Properties

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 8.01 g/cm³ 0.289 lb/in³
Melting point 1327°C 2420°F

Nimonic® 105 Mechanical Properties

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength (precipitation hardened, value at room temperature) 1150 MPa 167000 psi
Yield strength (precipitation hardened, value at room temperature, @strain 0.200%) 770 MPa 112000 psi
Elongation at break (precipitation hardened) 25% 25%

Nimonic® 105 Thermal Properties

Properties Metric Imperial
Thermal expansion co-efficient (@20-100°C/68-212°F) 12.2 µm/m°C 6.78 µin/in°F
Thermal conductivity 10.89 W/mK 75.58 BTU in/hr.ft².°F

Nimonic 115 Composition

Nimonic 115 Specification

Equivalent Grades

Alloy Name Trade Name UNS No. British Specs American Specs German Specs French Specs
Alloy 115 Nimonic 115   BS HR4   WS 2.4636 AFNOR NCK 15ATD

Nimonic 115 chemical composition

Element Content (%)
Nickel, Ni 54
Chromium, Cr 14.0-16.0
Cobalt, Co 13.0-15.5
Aluminum, Al 4.50-5.50
Molybdenum, Mo 3.0-5.0
Titanium, Ti 3.50-4.50
Iron, Fe  1.0
Manganese, Mn  1.0
Silicon, Si  1.0
Copper, Cu  0.20
Zirconium, Zr  0.15
Carbon, C 0.12-0.20
Sulfur, S  0.015
Boron, B 0.010-0.025

Nimonic 115 physical properties

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 7.85 g/cm³ 0.284 lb/in³
Melting point 1304°C 2380°F

Nimonic 115 mechanical properties

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength (precipitation hardened, value at room temperature) 1300 MPa 189000 psi
Yield strength (precipitation hardened, value at room temperature, @strain 0.200%) 850 MPa 123000 psi
Elongation at break (precipitation hardened) 25.00% 25.00%

Nimonic 263 Composition

Nimonic 263 Specification

Equivalent Grades

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS
Nimonic 263 2.4650 N07263

Nimonic 263 Chemical Composition :

Grade Ni Co Cr Mo Ti Fe Mn Al Si Cu C B S
Nimonic 263 49 19-21 19-21 5.60-6.10 1.90-2.40 0.70 0.60 0.60 0.40 0.20 0.040 - 0.080 0.0050 0.0070

ASTM B463 Nimonic 263 Mechanical Properties:

Grade
Material
Sheet
Temperature °C Yield Strength 0.2 % (MPa) Tensile Strength (MPa) Elongation (%) Hardness HV
Nimonic 263 Nimonic 263 Sheet
Solution Treated (AMS 5872 / BS HR206)
RT - - - 22.5 max
Nimonic 263 Sheet
Heat Treated (AMS 5872 / BS HR206
RT 580 (typical) 973 (typical) 39 - -
Nimonic 263 Sheet
Heat Treated (AMS 5872 / BS HR206
780 403 (min) 541 (min) 9 -

Nimonic 263 Physical Properties:

  Density: 0.302 lb/in3 - - - - -
Grade Melting Range: 2372-2471°F - - - - -
Nimonic 263 Temperature, °F 400 800 1000 1200 1400 1800
Coefficient* of Thermal Expansion,
in/in°F x 10-6
6.7 7.4 7.7 8.1 8.7 10.2

Nimonic 901 Composition

Nimonic 901 Specification

Equivalent Grades

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS
Nimonic 901 2.4662 N09901

Nimonic 901 Chemical Composition :

Weight% Ni Cr Mo Ti Co Cu Mn Si Al C S Fe
Nimonic Alloy 901 42.5 12.5 5.75 2.9 1.0 max 0.5 max 0.5 max 0.4 max 0.35 max 0.1 max 0.03 max Bal

ASTM B463 Nimonic 901 Mechanical Properties:

Material Tensile Strength ksi Yield Strength ksi Elongation in 4D(%) Reduction of Area % Hardness HB
Alloy 901 150 100 12 15 302-388

Heat Treatment:
Solution Treatment: 1975-2025°F / 2 hrs + Air Cool
Stabilization Heat Treatment: 1425 – 1475°F / 2-4 hrs + Air Cool
Precipitation Heat Treatment: 1325 – 1375 / 24 hrs +Any Cool

254 SMO

254 SMO Composition

254 SMO Composition

The chemical composition of stainless steel grade 254 SMO™ is outlined in the following table.

Element Content (%)
Iron, Fe 55.69
Chromium, Cr 20
Nickel, Ni 18
Molybdenum, Mo 6.1
Nitrogen, N 0.20
Carbon, C 0.010

SMO 254 Mechanical Properties

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength 680 MPa 98600 psi
Yield strength 300 MPa 43500 psi
Modulus of elasticity 195 GPa 28300 ksi
Shear modulus 75 GPa 10900 ksi
Poisson’s ratio 0.30 0.30
Elongation at break 50 % 50 %
Hardness, Brinell 210 210

254 SMO Melting Point

Melting point

1320-1390 ℃

Density

8.0 g/cm3

254 SMO Equivalent

STANDARD UNS WERKSTOFF NR. AFNOR EN JIS SIS GOST
SMO 254 S31254 1.4547 Z1 CNDU 20.18.06Az X1CrNiMoCuN20-18-7 - 2378 -

ALLOY 20

Alloy 20 Composition

Alloy 20 Chemical Composition

Alloy 20 Ni C Mo Mn Si Fe Cu S P Cr
32 - 38 0.02 max 2 - 3 1 - 2 0.7 max Bal 3 - 4 0.005 max 0.02 max 19 - 21

Alloy 20 Mechanical Properties

Density Melting Point Yield Strength (0.2%Offset) Tensile Strength Elongation
8.1 g/cm3 1443 °C (2430 °F) Psi - 35000 , MPa - 241 Psi - 80000 , MPa - 551 30 %

Alloy 20 Melting Point

Alloy 20 Melting Point 1443 °C (2430 °F)
Alloy 20 Density 8.1 g/cm3
Alloy 20 Tensile Strength Psi - 80000 , MPa - 551
Yield Strength (0.2%Offset) Psi - 35000 , MPa - 241
Elongation 30 %

Alloy 20 Equivalent

STANDARD UNS WERKSTOFF NR. AFNOR EN JIS BS GOST
Alloy 20 N08020 2.4660 Z2NCUD31-20AZ NiCr20CuMo - - -

DUPLEX STAINLESS STEEL

Here are some typical compositions of duplex stainless steels:

Grade  EN No/UNS Type Approx Composition 
      Cr Ni Mo N Mn W Cu
2101 LDX 1.4162/ 
S32101
 Lean 21.5  1.5 0.3 0.22 5 - -
DX2202 1.4062/ S32202 Lean 23 2.5 0.3 0.2 1.5 - -
RDN 903 1.4482/ 
S32001
Lean 20 1.8 0.2  0.11 4.2 - -
2304

1.4362/ 
S32304

 Lean 23 4.8  0.3  0.10 - - -
2205 1.4462/ 
S31803/ 
S32205
Standard  22 5.7 3.1 0.17 - - -
2507 1.4410/ 
S32750
Super 25 7 4 0.27 - - -
Zeron 100 1.4501/ 
S32760
Super 25  7 3.2 0.25 - 0.7 0.7
Ferrinox 
255/ 
Uranus 2507Cu
1.4507/ 
S32520/ 
S32550
Super 25 6.5 3.5 0.25 - - 1.5

Duplex Stainless Steel Equivalent

Grade EN No / UNS Type Typical PREN
2101 LDX  1.4162/ 
S32101
Duplex 26
2304 1.4362/ 
S32304
Duplex 26
DX2202 1.4062/ S32202 Duplex 27 
Duplex 2205  1.4462/ 
S31803/ 
S32205
Duplex 35
Zeron 100  1.4501/ 
S32760
Duplex 41
Ferrinox 255/ 
Uranus 2507Cu
1.4507/ 
S32520/ 
S32550
Duplex  41
Super Duplex 2507 1.4410/ 
S32750
Duplex 43
6% Mo 1.4547/ 
S31254
Austenitic 44
rade Name UNS Duplex Industry Specifications Chemical Composition Min.Tensile (KSI) Min.Yield
(KSI)
Elongation
%
SAF 2205®
22Cr
UNS S31803 ASME SA-182 (F51), SA-240, SA-798, SA-790, SA-815
ASTM A182 (F51),A240, A276, A479, A789, A790, A815, A928,
A988
SAE J405
C 0.30 max

Cr
 21.0-23.0
Mn 2.00 max
Mo
2.50-3.50
N 0.08-0.20
Ni 4.50-6.50
P 0.030 max
S 0.020 max
Si
1.00 max
90 65 25
rade Name UNS Duplex Industry Specifications Chemical Composition Min.Tensile (KSI) Min.Yield
(KSI)
Elongation
%
SAF 2205®
22Cr
UNS S31803 ASME SA-182 (F51), SA-240, SA-798, SA-790, SA-815
ASTM A182 (F51),A240, A276, A479, A789, A790, A815, A928,
A988
SAE J405
C 0.30 max

Cr
 21.0-23.0
Mn 2.00 max
Mo
2.50-3.50
N 0.08-0.20
Ni 4.50-6.50
P 0.030 max
S 0.020 max
Si
1.00 max
90 65 25

ALLOYS A286

The chemical composition of super alloy A-286 is outlined in the following table.

Element Content (%)
Iron, Fe 54
Nickel, Ni 25.5
Chromium, Cr 14.8
Titanium, Ti 2.13
Molybdenum, Mo 1.30
Manganese, Mn 1.0
Silicon, Si 0.50
Vanadium, V 0.30
Aluminum, Al 0.18
Carbon, C 0.040
Phosphorous, P 0.020
Sulfur, S 0.015
Boron, B 0.0060

A286 stainless steel Physical Properties

The following table shows the physical properties of super alloy A-286.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 7.92 g/cm3 0.286 lb/in3
Melting point 1399°C 2550°F

Stainless steel grade 660 Mechanical Properties

A286 Stainless Steel Yield Strength

The mechanical properties of super alloy A-286 are displayed in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength 1035 MPa 150100 psi
Yield strength (@strain 0.200%) 759 MPa 110000 psi
Elongation at break 25% 25%
Reduction of area 40% 40%
Hardness, Brinell (estimated from Rockwell C value for Brinell test with 3000 kg load/10 mm diameter ball) 304 304
Hardness, Knoop (estimated from Rockwell C value) 330 330
Hardness, Rockwell C 32 32
Hardness, Vickers (estimated from Rockwell C value) 318 318

A286 Stainless Steel Equivalent

Equivalent materials to super alloy A-286 are given in the table below.

AISI 660 AMS 5525 AMS 5726 AMS 5732 AMS 5734
AMS 5731 AISI 662 AMS 5737 AMS 5804 AMS 5895
AMS 5853 AMS 5805 AMS 5858 DIN 1.4943 SPS M250
DIN 1.4944 GE B50T81 GE B50T12 GE B50T1181 ASTM A453 Grade 660

Super Duplex Steel

Super Duplex Steel UNS 32750 / 32760

Trade Name UNS Super Duplex Industry Specifications Chemical Composition Min.Tensile
(KSI)
Min.Yield
(KSI)
Elongation
%
SAF 2507® UNS S32750 ASTM A182 F53, A240, A276, A479, A789, A790, A815, A928, A988
SAE J405
C 0.030 max
Cr
 24.0-26.0
Cu 0.5 max
Mn 1.20 max
Mo 3.0-5.0
N 0.24-0.32
Ni 6.0-8.0
P 0.035 max
S 0.020 max
Si 0.8 max
116 80 15
  UNS S32760 ASTM A182 F55, A240, A276, A314, A473, A479, A789, A790, A815, A928, A988
SAE J405
C 0.03 max
Cr
 24.0-26.0
Cu 0.5-1.0
Mn 1.0 max
Mo 3.0-4.0
N 0.2-0.3
Ni 6.0-8.0
P 0.03 max
S 0.01 max
Si 1.0 max
W 0.5-1.0
 109 80 25

Super Duplex Steel UNS 32750 / 32760

Trade Name UNS Super Duplex Industry Specifications Chemical Composition Min.Tensile
(KSI)
Min.Yield
(KSI)
Elongation
%
SAF 2507® UNS S32750 ASTM A182 F53, A240, A276, A479, A789, A790, A815, A928, A988
SAE J405
C 0.030 max
Cr
 24.0-26.0
Cu 0.5 max
Mn 1.20 max
Mo 3.0-5.0
N 0.24-0.32
Ni 6.0-8.0
P 0.035 max
S 0.020 max
Si 0.8 max
116 80 15
  UNS S32760 ASTM A182 F55, A240, A276, A314, A473, A479, A789, A790, A815, A928, A988
SAE J405
C 0.03 max
Cr
 24.0-26.0
Cu 0.5-1.0
Mn 1.0 max
Mo 3.0-4.0
N 0.2-0.3
Ni 6.0-8.0
P 0.03 max
S 0.01 max
Si 1.0 max
W 0.5-1.0
 109 80 25
Super Duplex Steel UNS S32950 Round Bar Chemical Composition
Element S32950
C 0.030
Si 0.80
Mn 1.20
P 0.035
S 0.020
Cr 24.0/26.0
Mo 3.0/5.0
Ni 6.00/8.00
N 0.24/0.32
Other Cu:0.50
UNS S32950 Round Bar Mechanical Properties
Element S32950
Tensile Strength(MPa) 795
Proof Stress 0.2% (MPa) 550
Elongation A5(%) 15
Hardness Max (HB-HRB) 310-32*

Die Steel

Chemical Composition

The following table shows the chemical composition of H13 tool steels.

Element Content (%)
Chromium, Cr 4.75-5.50
Molybdenum, Mo 1.10-1.75
Silicon, Si 0.80-1.20
Vanadium, V 0.80-1.20
Carbon, C 0.32-0.45
Nickel, Ni 0.3
Copper, Cu 0.25
Manganese, Mn 0.20-0.50
Phosphorus, P 0.03
Sulfur, S 0.03

Physical Properties

The physical properties of H13 tool steels are given in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density (@20°C/68°F) 7.80 g/cm3 0.282 lb/in3
Melting point 1427°C 2600°F

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of H13 tool steels are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength, ultimate (@20°C/68°F, varies with heat treatment) 1200 - 1590 MPa 174000 - 231000 psi
Tensile strength, yield (@20°C/68°F, varies with heat treatment) 1000 - 1380 MPa 145000 - 200000 psi
Reduction of area (@20°C/68°F) 50.00% 50.00%
Modulus of elasticity (@20°C/68°F) 215 GPa 31200 ksi
Poisson's ratio 0.27-0.30 0.27-0.30

Thermal Properties

The following table shows the thermal properties of H13 tool steels.

Properties Conditions
T (ºC) Treatment
Thermal expansion 10.4 x 10-6/ºC 20-100 -
Thermal conductivity 28.6 W/mK 215 -

Chemical Composition

The following table shows the chemical composition of H21 tools steels.

Element Content (%)
C 0.26-036
Mn 0.15-0.40
Si 0.15-0.50
Cr 3.00-3.75
Ni 0.3
W 8.50-10.00
V 0.30-0.60
Cu 0.25
P 0.03
S 0.03

Physical Properties

The physical properties of H21 tool steels are outlined in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 8.19 g/cm3 0.296 lb/in3
Melting point 1432°C 2610°F

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of H21steels are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Hardness, Rockwell C 40.0 - 55.0 40.0 - 55.0
Bulk modulus 140 GPa 20300 ksi
Shear modulus 80.0 GPa 11600 ksi
Poisson's ratio (25°C) 0.27-0.30 0.27-0.30
Elastic modulus 190-210 GPa 27557-30458 ksi

Thermal Properties

The below table shows the thermal properties of H21 tool steels.

Properties Metric Imperial
CTE, linear 12.4 μm/m°C 6.89 μin/in°F
Thermal conductivity 27.0 W/mK 187 BTU-in/hr-ft2°F

Processing Properties

The following table provides the processing properties of H21 tool steels.

Properties Metric Imperial
Processing temperature (tempering) 595 - 675°C 1100 - 1250°F
Processing temperature (tempering) 1095 - 1205°C 2003 - 2201°F
Annealing temperature (hardening) 870 - 900°C 1600 - 1650°F

Chemical Composition

The following table shows the chemical composition of D2 tool steels.

Element Content (%)
C 1.40 – 1.60
Mn 0.60
Si 0.60
Co 1.00
Cr 11.00 – 13.00
Mo 0.70 – 1.20
V 1.10
P 0.03
Ni 0.30
Cu 0.25
S 0.03

Physical Properties

The physical properties of D2 tool steels are outlined in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 7.7 x 1000 kg/m3 0.278 lb/in3
Melting point 1421°C 2590°F

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of D2 steels are tabulated below:

Mechanical Properties Metric Imperial
Hardness, Knoop (converted from Rockwell C hardness) 769 769
Hardness, Rockwell C 62 62
Hardness, Vickers 748 748
Izod impact unnotched 77.0 J 56.8 ft-lb
Poisson's ratio 0.27-0.30 0.27-0.30
Elastic modulus 190-210 GPa 27557-30457 ksi

Thermal Properties

The following table shows the thermal properties of D2 steels.

Properties Conditions
T (°C) Treatment
Thermal expansion 10.4 x 10-6/ºC 20-100 -



Chemical Composition

The following table shows the chemical composition of D3 tool steels.

Element Content (%)
C 2.00-2.35
Mn 0.60
Si 0.60
Cr 11.00–13.50
Ni 0.30
W 1.00
V 1.00
P 0.03
S 0.03
Cu 0.25

Physical Properties

Physical properties of D3 tool steels are given below:

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 7.7 x 1000 kg/m3 0.278 lb/in3
Melting point 1421°C 2590°F

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of D3 steels are tabulated below:

Properties Metric Imperial
Izod impact unnotched 28.0 J 20.7 ft-lb
Poisson's ratio 0.27-0.30 0.27-0.30
Elastic modulus 190-210 GPa 27557-30457 ksi

Thermal Properties

The following table shows the thermal properties of D3 steels.

Properties Conditions
T (°C) Treatment
Thermal expansion 12 x 10-6/ºC 20-100 -

Chemical Composition

The following table shows the chemical composition of M2 molybdenum high speed tool steels.

Element Content (%)
C 0.78-1.05
Mn 0.15-0.40
Si 0.20-0.45
Cr 0.20-0.45
Ni 0.3
Mo 4.50-5.50
W 5.50-6.75
V 1.75-2.20
Cu 0.25
P 0.03
S 0.03

Physical Properties

The physical properties of M2 molybdenum high speed tool steel are given in the following table.

Physical properties Metric Imperial
Density 8.16 g/cm3 0.294 lb/in3
Melting point 4680°C 2600°F

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of M2 molybdenum high speed tool steel are tabulated below.

Mechanical properties Metric Imperial
Hardness, Rockwell C (tempered at 1150°F, quenched at 2200°F) 62 62
Hardness, Rockwell C (as hardened, quenched at 2200°F) 65 65
Compressive yield strength (when tempered at 300°F) 3250 MPa 471000 psi
Izod impact unnotched (when tempered at 300°F) 67 J 49.4 ft-lb
Abrasion (loss in mm3, as-hardened; ASTM G65) 25.8 25.8
Abrasion (loss in mm3, tempered at 1275°F; ASTM G65) 77.7 77.7
Poisson's ratio 0.27-0.30 0.27-0.30
Elastic modulus 190-210 GPa 27557-30458 ksi

Thermal Properties

The following table shows the thermal properties of M2 molybdenum high speed tool steels.

Thermal properties Metric Imperial
CTE, linear (@20.0 - 100°C/ 68.0 - 212°F) 10 μm/m°C 5.56 μin/in°F
CTE, linear (@20.0 - 500°C/68.0 - 932°F) 12.2 μm/m°C 6.78 μin/in°F
CTE, linear (@20.0 - 850°C/68.0 - 1560°F) 12.6 μm/m°C 7 μin/in°F

Chemical Composition

The following table shows the chemical composition of M35 molybdenum high speed tool steels.

Element    Content (%)
C 0.93
Cr 4.2
Co 4.9
Fe 76.52
Mo 5
Si 0.3
W 6.25
V 1.9

Physical Properties

The physical properties of M35 molybdenum high speed tool steels are given in the following table.

Physical properties Metric Imperial
Density 8.14 g/cm3 0.294 lb/in3

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of M35 molybdenum high speed tool steels are tabulated below.

Mechanical properties Metric Imperial
Hardness, Rockwell C (oil quenched from 1232°C, 5 mins) 64.8 64.8
Hardness, Rockwell C (oil quenched from 1177°C, 5 mins) 65.2 65.2
Hardness, Rockwell C (oil quenched from 1204°C, 5 mins) 65.2 65.2
Modulus of elasticity 207 GPa 30000 ksi
Machinability (1% carbon steel) 45.0 - 50.0% 45.0 - 50.0%

Thermal Properties

The following table shows the thermal properties of M35 molybdenum high speed tool steels.

Thermal properties Metric Imperial
CTE, linear (@21 - 399°C / 69.8 - 750°F) 11.4 μm/m°C 6.33 μin/in°F
CTE, linear (@21 - 593°C /69.8 - 1100°F) 11.5 μm/m°C 6.39 μin/in°F



Pure Metals

Chemical Composition

The following table shows the chemical composition of molybdenum.

Element Content (%)
Molybdenum, Mo 100

Physical Properties

The physical properties of molybdenum are outlined in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 10.3 g/cm³ 0.369 lb/in³
Melting point 2625°C 4760°F

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of molybdenum are outlined in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength (annealed) 324 MPa 47000 psi
Shear strength (torsional strain rate 0.25/s) 500 MPa 72500 psi
Compressive yield strength (0.01% yield) 400 MPa 58000 psi
Modulus of elasticity 330 GPa 47900 ksi
Modulus of elasticity at elevated temperature (@2000°C/3630°F) 160 GPa 23200 ksi
Poissons ratio (calculated) 0.38 0.38
Hardness, Brinell (converted from Vickers for 3000 kg load/10 mm ball Brinell test. annealed) 225 225
Hardness, Rockwell A (converted from Vickers. annealed) 60 60
Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Vickers. annealed) 98 98
Hardness, Rockwell C (converted from Vickers. annealed) 19 19
Hardness, Vickers (annealed) 230 230

Physical Properties

The physical properties of zirconium are outlined in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 6.53 g/cm³ 0.236 lb/in³
Melting point 1843°C 3350°F

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of zirconium are outlined in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength (annealed) 330 MPa 47900 psi
Yield strength (annealed) 230 MPa 33400 psi
Modulus of elasticity 94.5 GPa 13700 ksi
Poissons ratio 0.34 0.34
Elongation at break (annealed) 32% 32%
Hardness, Brinell (converted from Vickers for 3000 kg load/10 mm ball. Annealed sample) 145 145
Hardness, Rockwell A (converted from Vickers. annealed sample) 49 49
Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Vickers. Annealed sample) 78 78
Hardness, Vickers (annealed sample) 150 150

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of zirconium are outlined in the following table.

Properties Metric Imperial
Thermal expansion coefficient (@20-100°C/68-212°F) 5.80 µm/m°C 3.22 µin/in°F
Thermal conductivity 16.7 W/mK 116 BTU in/hr.ft².°F

Chemical Properties

The chemical properties of niobium are provided in the table below:

Chemical Data
CAS number 7440-03-1
Thermal neutron cross section 1.1 barns/atom
Ionic radius 0.7 Å
Electro negativity 1.6
Electrochemical equivalent 0.0693 g/A/h

Physical Properties

The following table discusses the physical properties of niobium.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 8.4 g/cm3 0.303 lb/in3
Melting point 2410 °C 4370 °F
Boiling point 5100 °C 9212°F

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of niobium are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength (at room temperature) 275 MPa 40 ksi
Modulus of elasticity 105 GPa 15250 ksi
Shear modulus 38 GPa 5511 ksi
Poissons Ratio 0.4 0.4
Hardness, Brinell 736 736
Hardness, Vickers 1320 1320
Hardness, Mohs 6 6

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of niobium are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Thermal expansion co-efficient (@20-100°C/68-212°F) 7.3 µm/m°C 4 µin/in°F
Thermal conductivity 53.7 W/mK 1133 BTU in/hr.ft².°F

Chemical Properties

The chemical properties of tantalum are provided in the table below.

Chemical Data
CAS number 7440-22-7
Thermal neutron cross section 21.3 barns/atom
Electrode potential 4.1 V
Ionic radius 0.680 Å
Electronegativity 1.5
X-ray absorption edge 0.18393 Å

Physical Properties

The following table discusses the physical properties of tantalum.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 16.65 g/cm3 0.6015 lb/in3
Melting point 2850 °C 5162°F
Boiling point 6000 °C 10832°F

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of tantalum (cold worked) are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength 900 MPa 131000 psi
Poisson’s ratio 0.35 0.35
Modulus of elasticity 186 GPa 27000 ksi
Shear modulus 69 GPa 10000 ksi
Hardness, Vickers 200 200
Hardness, Brinell 195 195
Hardness, Rockwell A 56 56
Hardness, Rockwell B 92 92
Hardness, Rockwell C 12 12

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of tantalum are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Thermal expansion co-efficient (@20°C/68°F) 6.50 µm/m°C 3.61 µin/in°F
Thermal conductivity 54.4 W/mK 378 BTU in/hr.ft².°F

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